Introduction to the rules of freestyle skiing skills on snow. Video source: BOCOG (00:33) [Editor’s note]
Beijing Winter Olympics has entered the final countdown of 30 days, and China Olympic athletes are ready to set off, waiting for the decisive moment.
So how much do you know about the competitive events of the Winter Olympics? On this occasion, The Paper has launched the column "Winter Olympics, Do You Know?", which brings a panoramic analysis of the popular science of the Winter Olympics and helps you easily understand the ice and snow doorways.
This is a freestyle skiing event-snow skill, which is scored by flipping, jumping and speed.If alpine skiing is the pursuit of speed and aerial skill is a challenge to difficulty, then snow skill is an art that combines speed and difficulty, like enjoying a dynamic dancer’s performance.
Project introductionThe English name of freestyle skiing snow skill project is "Mogul" (cat jumping), which is quoted from Austrian Mugel, meaning many hills.
Snow skills require skiers to slide and turn on the snowy road covered with small snow mounds, and to complete the aerial skills of jumping and flying in high-speed sliding, which requires extremely high sliding, speed and skills.
During the competition, the contestants glided on the slope of 27 at a speed of 40 kilometers per hour. It is necessary to turn continuously on the 250-meter track, and the terrain of the venue is extremely challenging, so the direction must be changed every 3 meters.
Players should keep balance in the process of high-speed progress, and half of the scores need to be given by the referee according to the performance of the athletes when turning.
In the 16th Winter Olympics in Albertville, France, in 1992, the snow skill event was listed as the Winter Olympics event.
gameAthletes mainly compete in three parts: gyration, aerial skill and speed. Snow skills are ranked by the quality points of rotary movements and aerial movements and the timing results, and those who score more are ranked first.
Before the qualifying competition, the top 20 players advanced to the finals, and the final competition order was reversed according to the results of the qualifying competition. Five "gyration" judges scored according to the quality and mistakes of athletes’ gyration; Two "aerial skills" judges scored according to the completion of the operation, the height and quality of the flight.
Among them, taxiing and turning scores account for 60%, air part scores account for 25%, and speed scores account for 25%. Snowboarding venues are mostly built on steep slopes, with a length of 200-270 meters, a width of 15-25 meters and a slope of 24-32 degrees. The site must have a gentle slope and a continuous drop.
China legion"How can anyone fly in the snow room?" Guo Xiangru competed in Japan for the first time in 2008 and was stunned by foreign athletes. At that time, China’s national team of freestyle skiing and snow skills had just been established for one year.
In the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Ning Qin, the first batch of athletes of China Snow Skill Team, reached the final for the first time, which was also the first time that China Snow Skill Team qualified for the Winter Olympics.
I have witnessed the difficulty in starting China’s snow skills, and also experienced the opportunities given by this era. Now, eight years later, a batch of athletes behind Guo Xiangru and Ning Qin have devoted themselves to the snow skills project.
In 2021, the freestyle skiing snow skill project held a World Cup in Alpudier. China team’s three female players, Li Nan, Cao Tianqing and Wang Jin, all entered the top 30 in women’s snow skills, while Zhao Yang won the 28th in men’s synchronized snow skills, and all four players met the entry standards of Beijing Winter Olympics.
In the end, the China team successfully qualified for two snow skills events, one male and one female. Among them, men’s snow skills are the first time in history to qualify for the Olympic Games.
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