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Looking at BYD from the Long-term Perspective behind the Release of "Yunnian"

   ■Xing Rui  

  Innovation is endless.
  On April 10th, BYD once again made a major technological breakthrough — — With the release of the "Cloud" system, the industry marveled at the high efficiency and ability of BYD’s self-developed technology, and at the same time marveled at the "wide and deep" moat of BYD.

Than 1

  Wang Chuanfu, chairman and president of BYD Group, made an image metaphor for the technical release of "Yunqi". He said that BYD has fished up another "fish" (from the "technical fish pond").  

  "Cloud chariot" means more than "from zero to one"
  It is no exaggeration to describe this year’s auto market as "big wind and waves", but no matter how big the wind and waves are, they can’t stop the pace of the strong. After winning the title of China auto market in 2022 with sales of 1.8 million vehicles, BYD still maintained its strong style in the first quarter of this year, with monthly sales exceeding 200,000 vehicles, accounting for nearly 40% of the new energy vehicle market. Behind the sales volume is the full-stack self-research technology that supports BYD to get out of the "big bull" market — — Blade battery, CTB technology, easy quartet, BYD step by step, on the road of technological innovation, "braving the wind and waves."
  Now, BYD has taken another big step on the road of self-developed technology: On April 10th, BYD released the world’s first new energy exclusive intelligent body control system — — "Cloud chariot". As the latest achievement of full-stack self-research, "Yunnian" marks that BYD has become the first China automobile enterprise to master the intelligent body control system independently.
  "Cloud chariot" is taken from "Wei Shu": "The cloud chariot worships the cool, and the royal banquet is peaceful". Among them, the "chariot" is the ancient emperor’s car. The "cloud" symbolizes the creation of a lighter and more stable driving experience with intelligent technology. It not only has the ultimate pursuit of travel in ancient times, but also integrates modern advanced technology, which is also the "Chinese new luxury" refined by Wang Chuanfu.

Than 2

  "Yunqi is China people’s own body control system." Wang Chuanfu said: "The birth of Yunqi has rewritten the history that body control technology relies on foreign countries, filled the domestic technical gap and achieved a breakthrough from 0 to 1. On the other hand, ‘ Yunqi ’ Beyond the foreign technical level, it stood in the leading position in the industry as soon as it debuted, completed the upgrade from 1 to 2, and climbed another peak. "  

  "You choose the route, and leave the rest to Yunqi."
  Wang Chuanfu’s speech was interrupted several times by warm applause on the spot. One time, when he introduced the origin of "Yunqi" (three-dimensional thinking of vertical direction control), he said: "You choose the route and leave the rest to Yunqi." What heroism and technical confidence this is.
  "Easy Sifang" is a heavy technology released by BYD at the beginning of this year, which can realize four-wheel independent drive and effectively avoid the "secondary injury" caused by flat tire during high-speed driving. Only three months later, BYD’s "Cloud chariot" eliminated the "secondary injury". In a video demonstration that looked up at U9 as an example, U9 with a flat tire could still run stably on three wheels.
  In Wang Chuanfu’s lecture, BYD’s "cloud" technical idea became clearer and clearer, breaking the original "convention" for the vertical control industry of the car body — — Instead of starting with a single technology or hardware, a systematic solution is adopted to upgrade the "vertical and horizontal two-dimensional" control to the "vertical and horizontal three-dimensional" control, which is like plugging the electric and intelligent "wings" into the vertical control of the car body.
  "Cloud chariot" can effectively restrain the change of body posture, greatly reduce the risk of vehicle rollover and reduce the sitting displacement of drivers and passengers. At the same time, the cloud chariot system can effectively protect the car body under complex road conditions such as snow, mud and water, avoid the collision damage of the whole car caused by terrain, improve the comfort and safety of driving, and realize the double protection of people and cars.

Than 3

  The "Yunqi" product matrix includes Yunqi -C, Yunqi -A, Yunqi -P and other products, which will greatly enhance the driving experience of consumers from the dimensions of comfort, control, safety and off-road.  

  Yunqi -C: Yunqi -C intelligent damping body control system realizes the perfect compatibility of vehicle comfort and sportiness. Yunqi -C hardware has been installed on some configuration versions of BYD Han, Tang and Tengshi D9 models, and will be upgraded to Yunqi -C system through OTA.
  Yunqi -A: Yunqi -A intelligent air body control system makes the whole vehicle have the ultimate comfort, support and passability, and sets a new benchmark for luxury. Take the first leap N7.
  Yunqi -P: Yunqi -P intelligent hydraulic body control system can realize super-high lift, four-wheel linkage and camping adjustment, and create a new peak of luxury off-road in the world. First take a look at brand U8.
  Wang Chuanfu summed up the safety upgrade brought by "Yunqi" quite well. He said, "Let the luxurious ceiling be higher and the bottom line of safety be firmer."
  "Super technology" opens the door to the new world
  At the end of the conference, it was an essential "egg".
  Looking up at U9 equipped with cloud -X technology came to the center of the stage with an unprecedented "swing" posture. Finally, it completed the appearance show with a four-wheel simultaneous jump from the ground.

Than 4

  The seemingly simple jumping and swinging is actually the Yunqi -X full-active body control technology, which can realize high-order functions such as "0" roll, "0" pitch, three-wheeled driving, vehicle dancing and in-situ take-off, and represents the highest level of the global body control system.  

  Lian Yubo, executive vice president of BYD and president of Automotive Research Institute, simply summed it up as "a small step for car body control and a big step for comfortable travel." He said that Yunqi intelligent body control system is a super technology with both extreme experience and extreme safety. It will bring subversive improvement to the driving experience with excellent genes of high intelligence, safety protection, stable driving and full coverage to ensure the safety and stability of the whole vehicle.
  It can be said that technology will always be BYD’s "bottom logic", with 69,000 technicians and 28,000 authorized patents, and the accumulated investment in research and development exceeds 100 billion yuan … … These figures, Wang Chuanfu is like a few treasures, and he is also proud of it. He believes that BYD’s self-developed technology is a necessary and correct choice to maintain its iterative ability. "We are fighting for engineers, fighting for the ability of vertical integration, fighting for market strategy and fighting for scale advantages." The word "fight" shows the fierce market competition and BYD’s sense of urgency to seize the day. With the geometric growth of R&D investment, BYD’s "technical fish pond" is getting bigger and bigger, its technical reserves are getting richer and richer, and its confidence in participating in all-round competition is getting more and more sufficient. Wang Chuanfu said, "When it is critical (for example, looking forward to brand release), it will be fished out."

Than 5

  Therefore, BYD’s success today is not due to luck, but the inevitable result of "persisting in the initial intention" and "bold innovation", and it is the persistent "technology-based enterprise" that pushes BYD all the way forward. In March this year, BYD won the championship with sales of more than 200,000 vehicles, and was far ahead of other car companies with a market share of nearly 40%.  

  Nowadays, the strong rise of Tengshi brand, the expectation of brand release and the landing of more high-end technologies such as "Yunqi" have opened the door to the future for BYD, and on the other side of the door, it is a "new world" that China brand has been yearning for for for a long time, but it has never been touched. (Image courtesy of BYD)

American aunt is humorous: Trump is suitable for swimming and Hillary is suitable for archery.

  China News August 17th According to Washington post, it is less than three months before the US election, and the "Wal-Mart Mom" from battleground states such as Ohio and Arizona has become the focus.

  "Wal-Mart mothers" refer to those mothers who have to work and take care of their children. They seek the balance between the workplace and the family, and pursue a frugal life while fulfilling their mission. These middle-aged women in their thirties and forties have different backgrounds and family incomes, which can generally reflect the living standards of local voters. However, their attitude towards the general election is not optimistic, and they also show resistance to the presidential candidates of the two major parties.

  These "Wal-Mart moms" generally said that the decision between Hillary and Trump made them afraid, painful and disappointed, and one of them even called the election "disgusting". According to surveys in Ohio and Phoenix, when they were asked about their biggest concern about voting for Hillary, four fifths called Hillary "untrustworthy" and thought she was cocky and duplicitous. For Trump, most people think that this business tycoon is impulsive, opinionated and lacking in humanity.

American aunt is humorous: Trump is suitable for swimming and Hillary is suitable for archery.

  "Wal-Mart mothers" refer to those mothers who have to work and take care of their children. They seek the balance between the workplace and the family, and pursue a frugal life while fulfilling their mission. (Source: WHIO)

  "Volvo Mom": I prefer lively Trump, but I agree that Hillary will be elected.

  Julie, an executive who works in Columbus, said: "I think they are all hypocritical, but I feel that she (Hillary) has more handles to catch." Linda, an entrepreneur from Phoenix, is tired of Hillary’s repeated whitewashing of the scandal. She said, "What she did in shattered glass, those things can’t be calmed down at all."

  Only a few people supported Hillary Clinton because she was moved by her original intention to run for office. Dana, a catering waitress in Columbus, is the mother of several girls. She thinks that Hillary’s election will be of great significance to women, which is the only benefit she sees.

  All kinds of criticisms against Trump are also more sweeping. In the eyes of women, he is a dictator and a racist. Di Anna, a housewife in Phoenix, called Trump just like a child, just like her two-year-old child. Connie, who lives in the same city, said: "What he is doing now can be described as shooting himself in the foot and will eventually be destroyed by himself."

  Among the women surveyed in Columbus, three tend to vote for Trump, two choose Hillary, and five are still looking for a "third option", such as choosing gary johnson, the nominee of the Liberal Party. In Phoenix, five people support Hillary, two favor Trump, and three have not yet made a decision. However, almost all the 20 women interviewed thought that Hillary would be elected in the end.

  As a middle voter, "Wal-Mart Mom" has always been an important group that can’t be ignored. They played a decisive role in the election of Obama’s re-election in 2008 and 2012 respectively. For this general election, 20 women who participated in the interview survey all said that the presidential candidates were busy attacking and belittling their competitors, but they did not pay enough attention to key issues such as medical care and economy. They said that although the country is on the right track economically, its political framework has been destroyed, so they are afraid of the rise of terrorism. In this regard, a woman said: "I don’t believe that Hillary has the ability to defend our country, and I think Trump will cause World War III."

  However, in private, these women seem to prefer Trump. When asked who he would invite to his home for a courtyard party, Trump won by an overwhelming margin.

  Donna, the manager of Columbus clinic, said: "I personally feel that Trump will be more active and interesting, unlike Hillary in a suit sitting next to me solemnly." The other two women also called Hillary "cold-blooded", "heartless" and "wearing a hard shell."

American aunt is humorous: Trump is suitable for swimming and Hillary is suitable for archery.

  Hillary VS. Trump (Source: Washington Post)

  American aunts collectively spoke strongly: Trump is suitable for swimming and Hillary is suitable for archery.

  On the occasion of the Rio Olympic Games, these women were also asked which sports were consistent with the temperament of the two candidates. They think Trump is suitable for swimming (his mouth is finally free), playing tennis (running around in front of people), archery (you can imagine that he can aim) and being the captain of a rowing boat (shouting "Keep rowing" at others).

  For Hillary, the answers are mostly golf (boring), archery (killed instantly), fencing (she will attack you from behind), and gymnastics (keep balance — — Try to make as many people as possible satisfied with her.

  The "Wal-Mart moms" were upset about the November election. They said that no matter who they chose, they were not willing, and they were tired of endless abuse, personal attacks and partisanship. Maria, a housewife, said, "I will tremble." Nicole, the postman, said, "Calm down and pray for it."

  However, Anita’s reaction to "President Donald Trump" is "funny", Di Anna thinks it is "grandstanding", and Amy, a therapist in Phoenix, will interrupt you before she finishes: "Wait … …” (Xue Ruimeng)

Difference between Mercedes E260 and E300


As a professional expert in automotive content, I am very familiar with the knowledge in the automotive field. When writing an article about "Differences between Mercedes-Benz E260 and E300", I will ensure that the content is close to the potential needs of users, avoid literal translation, and use professional and fluent language to express it. At the same time, I will use Baidu SEO rules to improve the collection rate of articles in Baidu. `



Mercedes-Benz E260 and E300 are two classic Mercedes-Benz E-Class models, which are different in appearance, interior and performance. Next, I will introduce the differences between the two models in detail. `



1. Differences in design


Mercedes-Benz E260 and E300 are basically the same in appearance design, and both adopt the classic design elements of Mercedes-Benz E-Class models, such as streamlined body and large air intake grille. However, the E300 model has been improved in details, such as a more luxurious wheel design and a more exquisite chrome decoration. `



2. Differences in interior design


` In terms of interior decoration, the difference between E260 and E300 is mainly reflected in the materials and configuration. The E300 model is made of higher-grade leather, and the seat is more comfortable. In addition, E300 is equipped with some high-end configurations, such as panoramic sunroof and seat heating, to provide drivers and passengers with a more comfortable driving experience. `



3. Difference of dynamic performance


In terms of power performance, the difference between E260 and E300 is mainly reflected in the engine and driving mode. E260 is equipped with a 2.0-liter turbocharged engine, while E300 is equipped with a 3.0-liter turbocharged engine, which has stronger power performance. In addition, the E300 is equipped with a four-wheel drive system, which provides better driving stability and safety. `



4. Differences in safety performance


In terms of safety performance, E260 and E300 are equipped with the standard safety configuration of Mercedes-Benz E-Class vehicles, such as ABS, EBD and ESP. However, E300 is also equipped with some high-end safety features, such as blind spot monitoring and lane departure warning, to provide drivers with more comprehensive and safe driving protection. `



5. Price difference


In terms of price, the price of E260 is usually lower than that of E300, but the specific price will be different due to factors such as regions, distributors and promotional activities. When purchasing, you can consult your local Mercedes-Benz dealer for the latest price information. `



In order to show the differences between the two models more intuitively, I made a table for comparison:


From the above comparison, we can see that Mercedes-Benz E260 and E300 are different in appearance design, interior configuration, power performance and safety performance. However, the specific choice of which model needs to be comprehensively considered according to personal needs and budget. `


The premiere of the movie "Fortress" was well received. The scene of Jinggang Mountain in Chen Douling, Guo Xiaodong was broken and decrypted

The film "Fortress" was premiered in Beijing on March 20th. Director Han Keyi, actors Guo Xiaodong, Chen Douling, Jinggangshan, Lv Xin, Yang Bo, Feng Hao and Liao Mengyan made their debut together, attended the red carpet ceremony and chatted with the audience after the screening. The atmosphere was warm. On the same day, the film exposed the "incoming" version of the poster, and for the first time fully disclosed the shape of the entire lineup, which made the audience’s expectations more and more high. The film will be released nationwide on March 22, and the pre-sale has been fully opened!

The main creation gathered at the scene to see the sincere belief and profound interpretation, which won numerous praises from the audience.

The film "Fortress" is adapted from real history, and takes five party member-Mao Fuxuan, Mao Xinmei, Li Genghou, Zhong Zhishen and Pang Shukan, who are known as "the five outstanding figures in Shaoshan", as the archetypes, and skillfully integrates the elements of spy war and suspense into the historical background, showing the heroic story of revolutionary volunteers fighting with enemy agents in the hidden front.

The theme of the premiere was "Please Break the Bureau", and relevant leaders such as Huaxia Film Distribution Co., Ltd., Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China Film Satellite Channel, Xiangtan Municipal Committee, Propaganda Department of Xiangtan Municipal Committee and Xiaoxiang Film Group were specially invited to attend. At the event site, the main creator unveiled the story behind the scenes and ignited the enthusiasm of fans. When talking about how to create this film, the director said that "Fortress" has a prototype story, and the team has read a lot of materials and done a lot of homework. Every character in the film is worth exploring. I hope this film can make everyone deeply understand this history and learn the power of faith from the game between the enemy and me. Guo Xiaodong, who plays the role of Shen Zhuoyi, said that this role is very challenging, which is very different from his previous roles. He dedicated his first experience as a villain to Fortress, explaining that the role is like a dark star dancing alone. Chen Douling also lamented the role of Hong Zheng, saying that Hong Zheng showed many feminine qualities. Although she was afraid but not timid in the face of enemy agents, she could grow in adversity like chamomile. Jinggangshan shares the role of Yang Jingchen by sincerely treating Mao Jiaxuan as a brother. Although he often plays the villain, this role is actually very hierarchical. In addition, actors Chen Minghao and Li Yitong and singer Chen Chusheng, the singer of the ending song "Waiting for Dawn", regretfully missed the premiere, specially recorded VCRs to send blessings, and more friends from the circle such as actors Cheng Lisha, Che Yong li, Meng Tingyi, Wang Yanan, Huan Wang, Aisha and Yang Ziyi were present to help out.

In the work Fortress, the wonderful collision between characters has undoubtedly become a highlight of the film, bringing countless unforgettable scenes to the audience. Fans have also expressed their love for movies, among which "the plot is tight and gripping", "the confrontation between good and evil is full of energy", "the role is full and three-dimensional" and "the emotion is sincere and makes people cry" are frequently mentioned. The audience were all attracted by the storyline in the film, and were deeply touched by the characters’ unswerving faith and fearless spirit.

The uncle circle’s drag show makes the audience hooked, and the survival rule of spy war makes people laugh.

The ups and downs of the film’s development trend made the audience scream, and the excellent acting skills of all the staff directly hit the audience’s heart, especially with the dramas of powerful actors such as Chen Minghao, Guo Xiaodong and Jinggangshan, which made the audience smile in a tense viewing atmosphere. The film focuses on investigating the secret identity "Pang Defu". In order to find out the truth, Shen Zhuoyi suddenly parachuted into the police station. In order to save himself, Mao Jiaxuan spared no effort to please the leader Yang Jingchen. The film profoundly reveals the survival law of the spy war workplace, and at the same time reflects the interpersonal relationship in the contemporary workplace. The audience sighed and saw the true portrayal of the workplace, and even expressed their admiration for the acting skills of the uncle circle actors in the post-screening session. The status of the role is far ahead, which is very emotional.

The film "Fortress" is excellent in character shaping and plot design, which makes the audience feel the complexity and profundity of human nature and highlights the dedication and greatness of revolutionaries. Mao Jiaxuan, played by Chen Minghao, has a sleek and sophisticated surface, but sticks to his faith in his heart, always facing the heavy pressure and danger from hostile forces. Shen Zhuoyi, played by Guo Xiaodong, is a typical elite in the workplace, smart and resourceful, and good at using all resources to achieve his goals. Yang Jingchen, played by Jinggangshan, is arrogant to his subordinates, but obedient to oversight, which fully shows the tactics and tricks. The intricate relationship and conflict between them have injected rich drama into the film, which makes the audience’s emotions fluctuate and always look forward to the next development.

Who will be reborn in the spy city fight? All the staff will stage a reversal drama and the suspense will be upgraded.

Today, the movie "Fortress" released an "incoming" poster, and all the staff gathered coldly under the stormy spy city, adding tension to the contradictions and conflicts, and a tense momentum filled the air. Although it was a silent confrontation, the real reaction of each character in a life-and-death crisis was revealed, which made people hold their breath.

Chen Minghao’s eyes are firm, but it is unpredictable; Guo Xiaodong’s face is unfathomable, and it makes people nervous in silence; Li Yitong’s eyebrows slightly wrinkled, full of complicated worries; Chen Douling’s eyes are bold, showing a fearless; Jinggangshan’s expression is meaningful and vaguely murderous. In addition, Song Ningfeng, An ‘an, Bai En, Zhang Aoyue, Yang Bo, Yi Heng and other leading actors all appeared, and the boundaries between the forces of all parties became blurred, and the distinction between good and evil became more and more confusing. Who can survive in this life-and-death contest? Let’s wait and see on March 22nd.

The film "Fortress" was produced by Xiaoxiang Film Group Co., Ltd., Tianjin Cat’s Eye Microfilm Culture Media Co., Ltd., Xiangtan Daily, Xiangtan Zhaoshan Cultural Industry Development Co., Ltd., Xiangtan Urban and Rural Construction Development Group Co., Ltd., Xiangtan Radio and Television Station, Shaoshan High-tech Construction Investment Co., Ltd., and jointly produced by Hunan Xiaoxiang Youth Film Co., Ltd. and Hunan Manhao Film Co., Ltd. In the hot pre-sale of the film, I look forward to meeting the audience on the screen!


[Editor: Shu Liang]

An iphone7 judicial auction sold for 270,000 yuan or was maliciously auctioned.

  An Apple 7 mobile phone with a memory of 128G was sold at a price of 270,550 after the judicial auction, and the auction platform showed that the evaluated price of this mobile phone was 140 yuan, and the price of the same mobile phone of this model on Apple’s official website was 6,188 yuan. The Beijing Youth Daily reporter noted that the starting price of the mobile phone was 100 yuan, and the price increase was 50 yuan. By the end of the auction, 2,734 people had signed up and the number of onlookers exceeded 340,000. The staff of the e-commerce platform who provided technical support for this judicial auction said that the auction was a normal auction in compliance from the system point of view. Yesterday, they also paid attention to the abnormality of the auction price, and they have already fed back to the Qinhuai District People’s Court in Nanjing, which initiated the auction, but whether the auction price is abnormal is determined by the court. The staff of the Qinhuai District Court in Nanjing said that the court will investigate whether such a high auction price of this mobile phone in the judiciary is artificially malicious speculation. However, at present, there is no illegal behavior of bidders.

  A second-hand Apple 7 sold for 270,000 yuan.

  Yesterday, the reporter of Beiqing Daily noticed from the platform of judicial auction that an Apple 7 mobile phone with 128G memory sold for more than 270,000 yuan, and the price of the same mobile phone on Apple official website was 6,188 yuan.

  The auction records on the platform show that the auction started at 10: 00 am on September 7, and the bidding period is one day. The lot is an Apple 7 mobile phone with 128G memory (unformatted, with boot lock), which was seized by the Qinhuai District People’s Court in Nanjing. Auction requires bidders to pay 20 yuan’s deposit before bidding, and then they can participate in the auction. The starting price of this mobile phone is 100 yuan, and the increase amount is 50 yuan. By the end of the auction, 2,734 people had signed up for the auction.

  Although the bidding period is one day, this auction has a delayed bidding function, that is, before the end of the auction, if a bidder bids every last five minutes, it will be automatically delayed for five minutes. The reporter of Beiqing Daily learned from the e-commerce platform that provided technical support for the auction that as long as a bidder triggers the delay function within 5 minutes, the auction will cycle until no one bids within 5 minutes.

  Since the first bidder bid for 100 yuan at 10: 00am on September 7th, there have been 708 bidding records on the platform by the end of the auction. After inquiring about the auction records, the reporter of Beiqing Daily found that the mobile phone bid had exceeded 10,000 yuan 11 minutes after the start of shooting; At 10: 30 on September 7, the bidding has reached 50,000 yuan, and there are still people bidding continuously. Before the auction ended at 10 o’clock on the 8 th, the price exceeded 90,000 yuan and triggered a delay. At 12: 36 on September 8, the auction ended, exceeding the original auction cycle by 156 minutes, and the delay mechanism was triggered 377 times. The bidder with the final bid number k0626 ended the auction at the price of 270,550.

  The original owner of the mobile phone is the debtor.

  According to the enforcement ruling provided by the Qinhuai District People’s Court in Nanjing, the owner of the Apple 7 mobile phone auctioned by the Ministry was an executor, who was sentenced by the court to repay the loan for being suspected of a private loan dispute case. According to the civil judgment of Nanjing Intermediate People’s Court, the court ordered the borrower to return 15.1 million yuan.

  Because the person subjected to execution failed to fulfill the obligations specified in the effective legal documents, the borrower applied to the court for auction to seize the property under the name of the person subjected to execution. In accordance with the relevant regulations on auction and sale of property in civil execution, Qinhuai District People’s Court auctioned the property of the person subjected to execution according to law, including this second-hand iPhone7 that was hot shot. In addition, the property seized by the executor includes two mobile phones, a metal necklace, a watch, two bags and a suitcase.

  In addition to this Apple 7 mobile phone with a bid price of more than 270,000 yuan, another Apple 6 mobile phone (16G memory, formatted) involved in the auction at the same time also far exceeded the previous judicial auction in terms of bidding and the number of applicants. After 995 people signed up and 51 bids, it was sold at 6,500 yuan yesterday morning.

  In addition, the reporter of Beiqing Daily found that the transaction price of Apple mobile phones in judicial auctions is mostly lower than the market price, some as low as several hundred yuan, and some as high as 4,000 yuan, and the number of applicants is mostly tens to more than 100 people. This time, the latest auction of Apple 7 mobile phone in Qinhuai District Court set a record in bidding and the number of applicants.

  Some people suspect that the price of 270,000 yuan is high or someone bids maliciously.

  After the incident was exposed, there were doubts that the bidding for Apple mobile phones of more than 270,000 yuan may be a malicious auction. The reporter of Beiqing Daily found that according to the Civil Procedure Law and the Provisions on Several Issues Concerning the Online Judicial Auction of People’s Courts, if the investigation by the court is a malicious auction, it will be regarded as an act that hinders or resists the execution of the court. The court can investigate the relevant legal responsibilities of the buyer according to the seriousness of the case and take penalties such as fines and detention according to law.

  In addition, the court may rule that the original buyer shall not participate in the bidding during the re-auction. If the buyer regrets the auction after the auction is completed, the deposit paid will not be refunded, and it will be used to pay the loss of the auction, make up the difference between the re-auction price and the original auction price, and offset the debts of the executed person in this case and the debts of the executed person related to the auction property.

  According to the auction instructions published by Qinhuai court at Taobao auction, after the auction is completed, the buyer should pay the auction balance on time, pay it into the account designated by the court before 17: 00 on September 15, 2017, and sign the Confirmation of Auction Completion at the court before 17: 00 on September 22, 2017 and receive the auction receipt.

  In addition, some netizens speculated based on the information such as "unformatted mobile phone with power-on lock" in the auction, whether there was important information in the unformatted mobile phone of the Ministry, and some people bid at a high price to obtain information. However, none of the above speculations have been confirmed.

  The court will conduct an investigation and no illegal acts have been found yet.

  The staff of the e-commerce platform who provided technical support for the judicial auction told the reporter of Beiqing Daily that the buyer’s bidding is a personal behavior, and whether the auction price is abnormal is judged by the court. "Judicial auction is very serious, the information of bidders is strictly confidential, and our platform has no right to monitor the bidding behavior of customers. This is a free bidding market in itself, and the amount of bids is decided by customers themselves." However, the staff said that it is the first time that so many people participated in the auction and the transaction price was so high. If the buyer destroys the auction, the deposit will be confiscated, and whether there will be other additional penalties will be decided by the court.

  In response to this auction, the reporter of Beiqing Daily contacted the Qinhuai District Court in Nanjing. The staff said that this mobile phone was photographed at such a high price during the judicial auction. Whether it is normal trading or malicious speculation, the court will conduct an investigation. "The results of the investigation will also be unified." He said that according to the rules of judicial online auction, there was no violation of the rules in the bidding process. According to the rules, after the successful auction, the buyer’s deposit will be transferred to the court’s Alipay account. If the goods are auctioned and the balance is not paid, the buyer will not refund the deposit after the auction is destroyed, and the court can re-order the auction. At present, although the people who participated in the auction raised the price very high, they have not found any illegal activities yet.

2024 Guangzhou May 1 Firefly Exhibition Time

  Holding time:May 1, 2024-May 4, 2024

  Exhibition locationPoly World Trade Expo Hall

  ▲ Field use specifications:

  1. In order to ensure the smoothness and safety of the venue, please use the light stand in the light stand area of the photography area. If there is no special light stand area, please use the light stand in the photography area.

  2. It is forbidden to use the lamp holder (including the photography area) within 3 meters of the window. If the staff asks to move the lamp holder, please actively cooperate;

  3. It is forbidden to enter public or private fountains, board rooftops and other restricted areas that are forbidden to enter, stand on railings for dangerous shooting, and shoot in the middle of the road.

  4. Close the museum and clear the field. To ensure personal safety, please follow the instructions and leave in time. 5. It is forbidden to destroy the layout and decoration of the booth. Without the consent of the stall owner, it is forbidden to take the items of the booth (including but not limited to goods, layout and decoration) away from the site. 

  ▲ Other precautions:

  1. Please take care of your personal belongings and beware of thieves. If you lose them, please report them to the on-site service center or consult. If you find valuables, please give them to the on-site service center for safekeeping.

  2. If there is a large flow of people at the scene, please cooperate with the staff to ease the congestion; If relatives and friends are separated, you can contact the on-site police or the on-site service center for assistance.

  3. In case of deaf-mute fraud, please contact the staff, and the organizing committee will follow up the case as soon as possible.

  4. No pets allowed.

Tips: WeChat searches for WeChat official account [Guangzhou Local Treasure], and after paying attention, the dialog box replies that [Firefly] won the time/place of Guangzhou Firefly 2024, the entrance of ticket purchase for comic exhibition+the entrance of free travel registration, time/place/guests/performance schedule.

The "drama essence" company behind "Cang Lan Ji"

Author | Weinika

Editor | Li Chunhui

The drama powder of the three ancient dolls in the summer file fell into a heated debate about the ranking. But no matter what criteria you use,From the perspective of publicity, Freesia is the best and richest.

There are only 90 Weibo hot searches in the long broadcast cycle of 56 episodes of "Splendid Star"; Also divided into two parts, 59 episodes of "Aquilaria Resina", 116 hot searches in Weibo; But "Freesia Tactics" has not been broadcast yet, so far it has reached 131 hot searches in Weibo.

The image comes from the hot search engine, and the data ends on August 27th.

The gap in Tik Tok’s hot list is even wider. From the second day of its broadcast, Freesia has been on the hot list, with an average of 5 hot list topics per day and up to 10 hot list topics per day. And "brilliant star" has never been on a hot list. Although Aquilaria Resinatum is on the list almost every day, the number is small, 1-4, and not all of them are positive topics.

It is clear at a glance that the cost of the publication of Canglan strategics is plentiful. It is needless to say that its broadcasting platform, iQiyi, is now open source and thrifty, and its consistent announcement strategy. Why is the film so exciting? It has to be said that the magical company behind "Freesia", which was established only four years ago, suddenly became popular-stellar gravity.

The general impression it gives the people who eat melons is that the boss, Wang Yixi, is very skillful, and he always replies to fans or publishes small essays. For example, he cries on the high-speed rail when he hears that the heat is breaking through. The impression given to insiders is that they are rich and know nothing else.

Nowadays, because of the discussion of freesia, many drama fans begin to hope that the gravity of stars will inherit the mantle of ancient dolls. In their view, Tang people declined from brain drain, and Zhouyi declined from the break of capital chain. The stellar gravity found the behind-the-scenes team of the Tang people, and the boss was a rich second generation who was not short of money, so he completely filled the shortcomings.

Is this really the case?

A producer who knows rice circles better than "Yu Ma"

Wang Yixu, the boss of Stellar Gravitation, Yu Zheng, the boss of Entertainment Film and Television, Liu Ning, the vice president of Perfect World, and Yang Xiaopei, the boss of Xixi Film, were honored as "Four Fine Producers" by netizens for their frequent essays and responses to netizens.

But after careful study, Wang Yixu is actually different from other producers. Most producers are keen to tell about the difficulty of the production process in order to win the sympathy of the audience; Or a online celebrity posture that wants to make a debut and constantly expresses itself. For example, Zheng Zheng often takes his own selfie after losing weight successfully. However, Yu Zheng’s essays are not all self-expression. To be honest, he is sometimes regarded as a reasonable guest who exposes the situation of the industry.

And Weibo, who is in Wang Yixu’s list, mistakenly thinks that Hard Candy has clicked into some big powder Weibo.He doesn’t look much like a producer. He doesn’t have any self-expression, but more like a fan operator.

For a drama project, from shooting to broadcasting, he constantly released various photos taken without watermark, and constantly drew prizes for fans who forwarded photos, and often forwarded fans’ second-generation videos, comic books and so on. In addition to "Freesia Tactics", YCY and Ding Yuxi’s "Lucky at Seven o’clock", which has not yet been broadcast, are also being reprinted wildly by Wang Yixu.

This kind of high-frequency fan interaction has made the series warm up in the starring powder circle and the core drama powder circle before it started broadcasting. I have to say that Wang Yixu knows the way of rice circles and uses it for the promotion of dramas.

Esther Yu and Dylan were suspected of quarreling in the live broadcast of "Freesia", but neither side responded afterwards. However, Wang Yixu responded positively to fans that Wang Hedi had "coaxed" Esther Yu, and they often quarreled. As soon as this word came out, the cp powder in a group of plays could not stop hitting the real cp.

Even the drama attracted less investment, and Wang Yixu did not forget to affirm the efforts of fans. Wang Yizhen called "black spots" (black powder, I really didn’t see any producer directly use this kind of rice circle language) to make "Canglan tactic", which was not optimistic at first. Later, due to the efforts of fans, the data records of the same type of members of iQiyi were constantly refreshed.

Isn’t this the most familiar powder abuse routine for Xiufen? Telling the helpless story that the project is not optimistic creates an illusion that "my brother only has fans", thus enhancing the stickiness and initiative of fans.

In fact, Wang Yixu’s skillful marketing of rice circles was first applied to SNH48 whitehairpin, the star of the play, during the period of "Chasing the Ball", and he bought 1,000 numbers for whitehairpin to play the list and vote in the general election, but he failed to bring a red drama series successfully.

When the IP drama "Fox Demon Little Matchmaker" of Guoman was played, Wang Yizhen was even more perfect.Netizens’ first impressions of the play are: xx appeared on the Internet, xx denied it, and then Wang Yizhen personally refuted the rumor or responded ambiguously to the rumor.Obviously, it is not a super IP, but it gives the whole story of who will play the little dragon girl and who will play Lin Daiyu more than ten years ago.

Male starring candidates from JC-T, Li Xian, Chen Xiao, Cheng Yi to Liu Yuning, slipped through the first-line niche; Liu Shishi, Angelababy and Ni Ni were chosen as the leading actresses in Yang Mi.I slipped through 85 flowers, as if half the entertainment circle were competing for the role of the play.

Later, Yang Mi and Simon joined the group "The Fox Demon Little Matchmaker Moon Red", which was thought to be settled. Who knows that the rumors about Liu Shishi’s acting are still going on, and Wang Yixu replied to a private letter from netizens that there will be no change in the selection of Huaizhu. Although he didn’t name names, Liu Shishi, who was sealed by many fans, will still star in The Fox Demon Little Matchmaker Bamboo Industry.

A new generation of Tang people?

In Weibo, Wang Yixu mentioned that he had watched the dramas of the Tang Dynasty since he was a child, which immediately triggered many netizens’ discussion about using stellar gravity to mark the Tang Dynasty. So, does this young company, which is only 4 years old, really have the potential to inherit the mantle of the Tang Dynasty?

Judging from the layout of the original star gravity, it is obviously not focused on Xianxia ancient dolls.In 2018, the star gravity, which entered the industry for the first time, invested a lot of literary films.. Including "A Cloud Made of a Rain in the Wind" directed by Lou Ye, "The Poet" starring Song Jia and Zhu Yawen, and "Punch Mom" starring Tan Zhuo. These movies have a high probability of losing money.

Only the film "Get My Brother Away" which cooperated with Wanda made a small profit. However, in 2020, Stellar Gravity and Wanda still have a contract dispute lawsuit without public ruling, which shows that Stellar Gravity is not going well in the film field.

In 2019, the sand sculpture drama "Once upon a time, there was a Lingjian Mountain" was a small reputation and popularity, and the focus of stellar gravity seemed to turn to the field of TV dramas. The play of stellar gravity is no different from that of most film and television companies. From buying IP and hoarding IP to signing authors, screenwriters, directors and actors, it involves the development of the whole industry chain.

Many people behind the scenes have a suffix of "Star Project" in the subtitle of "Freesia Tactics". This "Star Project" is a plan to train new people by stellar gravity, which means that many of these behind-the-scenes teams are self-trained. Including directors Yi Zheng and Qian Jingwu of Freesia, chief screenwriter Liu Xiaolin of the first draft, chief screenwriter Jinjin Bai of the final draft, screenwriter Zhang Li, co-screenwriter Cao Xiaotian, visual effects producer Ye Zi, music director Huang Yi, etc.

Looking through it, the "Star Project" also includes signed writers/screenwriters: Wuzai, Jiulu Feixiang, Taotao Round, Jane Dark, etc. Jiulu Feixiang also has two ancient puppet works "With the Phoenix" and "Protecting the Heart" adapted by other families. Artists’ brokerage is not outstanding. At present, Guo Xiaoting is a bit famous, and Ryan has a contract dispute lawsuit with Stellar Gravity.

In fact, most film and television companies with production ability have a set of their own training teams. The famous midday production system mostly comes from the "Shandong Gang" of Shandong film and television. A stable and efficient production team can reduce a lot of unnecessary troubles.

However, this kind of situation is rarely publicly marked like stellar gravity, and it has a title. The previous person who emphasized his own team was 500.

The arc alliance initiated by 500 includes director Wang Siyang, group B director Song Xiao, screenwriter Yu Xiaoqian, photography director Liu Yingjian, lighting director Sun Jingliang, action director Li Yinghui and so on. They will also add a suffix "A·L·U", which is the abbreviation of "ARC LIGHT UNION" in the subtitle display of "Black Storm".

This approach is equivalent to branding the production team.With the accumulation of word-of-mouth of subsequent works, it can not only cultivate mature behind-the-scenes personnel, but also increase brand value and social status.

However, whether the plan can be successful depends on whether there are successive successful works. Because they are satisfied with "Freesia", the audience who are expecting stellar gravity to inherit the mantle of the Tang Dynasty will have to wait patiently for the broadcast of the next ancient puppet by stellar gravity.

However, stellar gravity can still carry out such deep-pocketed marketing in the case of saving money in the whole industry, and Hard Sugar Jun is inevitably curious about its capital background.

where is the money to come from?

It is rumored in Jianghu that Wang Yixu is a rich second generation "idolize Big Brother".The first company he founded in 2015, Shanghai Renxiang Culture, is mainly engaged in star data analysis and provides fan data algorithm services for video websites.Therefore, it is not surprising that Wang Yixu knows the way of rice circles.

Wang Yixu’s other background can only be found that he attended the Ivy League University jointly founded by Tencent and cheung kong graduate school of business Chuangchuang Community, and studied Tencent’s business model and cultural and creative industries. Whether the "money" of stellar gravity comes from Wang Yixu or not, Hard Sugar Jun is skeptical.

According to Tianyancha information, Wang Yizhen’s financial situation in 2018-2019 may not be particularly optimistic. There were two cases in which the equity was pledged, and the pledgee was Bank of Beijing Shanghai Branch. Equity pledge refers to the act of pledging the company’s equity as a guarantee. Generally speaking, the major shareholder is short of money or the company is not well managed to pledge the equity.

Zhang Yucheng, another founder of the company, was also pledged in 2018. The biggest change in 2019 is that the investors of financial capital, Wang Zheng, Shi Bo and Tang Yizhen, successively withdrew from Zhang Yucheng’s Wuren film and television culture.

However, Hard Sugar Jun prefers that the "money" of stellar gravity comes from Zhang Yucheng.According to the data of Zhang Yucheng searched on the Internet, he studied in Shenzhen International Exchange College, a famous aristocratic school in Shenzhen. He is a full-time international high school authorized by many foreign institutions, which specializes in training students going abroad. The annual tuition fee is as high as 278,000.

Zhang Yu graduated from University College London with a bachelor’s degree in statistics, economics and finance, and graduated from Cambridge University with a master’s degree in economics and finance. From 2013 to 2015, he worked in the investment banking department of Huatai United Securities, which ranked in the top five in China.

He should have started his business in 2015 and caught up with Wang Yizhen. The capital operation of stellar gravity is probably handled by Zhang Yucheng. In 2018, there may be some situations in the capital behind the two. But soon in July 2019, stellar gravity introduced the investment of iQiyi.

In August, 2020, Star Gravitation cooperated with Zhongshi Mingda Culture Media to establish Quality Gravitation Culture Media Company. The controlling party behind Zhongshi Mingda Culture Media is Tik Tok’s Quantum Jump Technology.In other words, after the investment of long video investor iQiyi, Stellar Gravity introduced the capital of short video byte system.

What’s more worth mentioning is that Wang Jianjun, the mysterious director of Stellar Gravity. He has the employment information of directors, supervisors and legal persons of 62 companies, among which there are many companies with state-owned background, belonging to China Huadian Group, Jinneng Holding Group and Shanxi Financial Investment Holding Group.

It seems that stellar gravity is not only a long and short video, but also a director with such a background. It is not surprising that he has money. However, if you have money, you will have money. If the gravity of the stars can really stably output high-quality ancient dolls, it will benefit the younger generation of viewers. Of course, it is best not to rot.

Leading high-quality development with scientific and technological innovation.

  Author: Dai Shuanping, professor and doctoral supervisor of School of Economics of Jilin University, and researcher of China State-owned Economic Research Center of Jilin University.

  The Central Economic Work Conference in 2023 emphasized: "We must take the promotion of Chinese modernization as the greatest politics, unite the overwhelming majority of the people under the unified leadership of the Party, focus on the central task of economic construction and the primary task of high-quality development, and turn the grand blueprint of Chinese modernization into a beautiful reality step by step." It is of great theoretical and practical significance to accurately understand the theoretical wisdom and practical requirements contained in it for building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with Chinese modernization.

  Promoting high-quality development is the primary task for China to move towards a moderately developed country. Leading the construction of modern industrial system with scientific and technological innovation is a realistic choice for China to promote new industrialization at present. The modern industrial system is the foundation of the new development pattern, the basic framework for promoting high-quality development and the core component of the modern economic system. Science and technology, education and talents are the strategic supporting forces to promote Chinese modernization. A new round of scientific and technological revolution with artificial intelligence as the core is entering an all-round expansion period and will profoundly change the future economic form. Therefore, exploring new industries, new models, new kinetic energy and developing new quality productivity is an important way for China to seize future development opportunities.

  Diversified layout, regional cooperation, green transformation and digital empowerment are the distinctive features of the current global industrial system and industrial chain supply chain reshaping. In 2023, the Central Economic Work Conference not only emphasized "improving the new national system", "vigorously promoting new industrialization" and "supporting key core technology research, new infrastructure, energy conservation, emission reduction and carbon reduction", but also proposed "building a number of strategic emerging industries such as bio-manufacturing, commercial aerospace and low-altitude economy, opening up new tracks for future industries such as quantum and life sciences, widely applying digital intelligence technology and green technology, and accelerating the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries". Ecological civilization construction and green low-carbon development also fully reflect the characteristics driven by technological innovation. "Green low-carbon supply chain", "realization mechanism of ecological product value", "new energy system" and "intensive recycling and efficient utilization of resources" are all closely related to the construction of modern industrial system.

  Modern industrial system and scientific and technological innovation are mutually conditional and mutually supportive. Scientific and technological innovation leads the construction of modern industrial system, and industrial development is the soil for continuous scientific and technological innovation. In some frontier science and technology fields, China is changing its role from "runner" to "runner" or even "leader". However, how to play a leading role in basic research and cutting-edge core technologies requires China to make major reforms and explorations in the national innovation system. To promote the close integration of scientific and technological innovation and the construction of modern industrial system, it is necessary to continuously promote the popularization and application of intelligent and green technologies in manufacturing industry, continuously optimize the business environment, continuously stimulate the vitality of innovative subjects, open up new scenes, new fields and new tracks for innovation, establish new ones and break old ones, and accelerate the construction of a modern economic system.

  Expand domestic demand consistent with high-quality development requirements. Modern economic system is a sustainable economic system driven by scientific and technological progress, with high efficiency in resource allocation and continuous upgrading of industrial structure and product quality. Effective internal demand is the fundamental guarantee for stabilizing the economic system. However, effective demand is not static. Demand should face the future, guide resource allocation, and promote industrial structure and product quality improvement. Therefore, tapping new consumption and other new consumption growth points that meet the needs of high-quality development and effectively support new industries, new models and new kinetic energy is the key work direction to expand domestic demand. At the same time, to form effective demand, it is necessary to enhance people’s consumption confidence and satisfaction. In 2023, the Central Economic Work Conference put forward corresponding measures to expand the effective demand of residents from the perspectives of implementing new development concepts and building a new development pattern. For example, "promoting urban-rural integration and coordinated regional development", "promoting new urbanization with county towns as an important carrier" and "building livable, resilient and smart cities" can all expand the total demand. Similarly, giving priority to people’s livelihood and employment has sent a strong signal to stabilize social expectations. Only by building a sound social security system can residents be willing to spend and dare to spend.

  Deepen reform in key areas and expand high-level opening up. Domestic reform and opening to the outside world are the most basic experience summary of China’s economic construction. The Central Economic Work Conference in 2023 highlighted two basic points of work: reform in key areas and high-level opening to the outside world. Fully activating the endogenous motivation and innovation vitality of various business entities is the basic foothold of deepening the reform in key areas, treating state-owned enterprises and private enterprises equally, promoting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in a new direction of specialization, serving the new round of scientific and technological revolution and helping high-quality development. It is worth noting that the meeting proposed to plan a new round of fiscal and taxation system reform, which will be of great significance to building a modern economic system and establishing a risk prevention mechanism in key areas.

  High-level opening to the outside world pays attention to tapping new kinetic energy of foreign trade, and expands and consolidates the foundation and depth of international exchanges based on new economic development models, new kinetic energy and new industries. Focus on expanding intermediate trade, service trade, digital trade, cross-border e-commerce export, and promoting the opening up of the service market, which shows that China’s foreign trade pattern has undergone fundamental changes, and traditional raw materials and processing and manufacturing have not adapted to the requirements of China’s high-quality development. With the reshaping of the industrial chain value chain, Chinese enterprises have been deeply embedded in the global value chain, and the importance of intermediate trade is getting higher and higher, and the status of producer service trade and digital trade in the trading system is gradually improving. Meanwhile. The construction of such institutional systems as "high standard economic and trade rules", "cross-border flow of data", "market-oriented, rule-of-law and international first-class business environment" and "investing in China" should also meet the requirements of China’s new development pattern and high-quality development as soon as possible.

  Prevent and resolve risks in key areas. In 2023, the Central Economic Work Conference emphasized that "next year, we should persist in striving for progress while maintaining stability, promoting stability through progress, establishing first and then breaking", and put forward the working bottom line of "stabilizing expectations, growth and employment". The working idea of "stabilizing" is embodied in social stability, implementing a prudent monetary policy, maintaining the basic stability of RMB exchange rate at a reasonable level, stabilizing and expanding traditional consumption, ensuring the employment stability of key groups, and ensuring the supply and price stability of important livelihood commodities.

  "Striving for progress with stability, promoting stability with progress, establishing first and then breaking" embodies China’s new thinking in dealing with the relationship between reform and development, as well as new strategies to reduce the pain of reform and stabilize social mentality. What "stands" is not only the new quality productivity, but also the new economic governance mode. At present, the risks of real estate, local debts and small and medium-sized financial institutions are the three major risk areas. Based on this, this paper puts forward some concrete work ideas to prevent and resolve risks, such as "three major projects", "accelerating the construction of a new model of real estate development" and "a big economic province should really take the lead". These schemes are based on the premise of maintaining overall stability, setting buffer zones, gradually absorbing risks, and minimizing the possible negative impact of "breaking".

Why did China’s football get worse and worse?

Personally, I didn’t like football until I was about 15 or 16 years old. Actually, I didn’t like it much. I just liked it a little bit, but I didn’t devote myself to it. At that time, the atmosphere was not the same as it is now. At that time, there were no female guns and male stars, and the mainstream was iron-blooded men. Being a man would be tough and hard. Anyone who dared to stretch out his blue finger and casually freestyle would be killed by the people in the street.

The best way to be tough is sports. Therefore, among male students, if you don’t know much about sports, you will look like a soft egg in the eyes of your classmates. If you don’t watch the five major leagues, the Champions League and World Cup NBA, you will definitely develop abnormally. The more you devote yourself to watching football matches, the more you will look like a man. The more excited you are, the more eloquent you will be. It shows that you are professional and exuberant in male hormones. Boys think that with so much performance, girls will look at him more because of his exuberant hormones.

Everything in the world is related to sex, except sex itself.

I didn’t say this, but Wilde, the boring man. You have to settle accounts with him.

I liked football at first, just like joining a pyramid scheme gang. I was dragged in by my head. My roommate talked to me about football all day, walking, eating, sleeping and taking a shit in the bathroom. I was afraid that if I didn’t respond to him, he would be gay with me, so I was forced to learn football knowledge to show that I was normal. I was very man, and I was full of male hormones. Dude, you’d better not mess around, but I have never been very interested.

Really, just like my feelings for Kitahara, I really couldn’t find a better one in those days, so I’ll just try to like it.

If we put it aside now, right, then so-and-so, so-and-so, we will catch a lot of high-quality ones, although I can’t even remember the names.

My age of football enlightenment was Li Jinyu, Zhang Yuning and Li Tie, that is, the Li Tie who had just been fired as the head coach of the national team. He used to maintain the style of F4 in the early 2000s for many years, which was particularly recognizable. After being a head coach, his face was a lot rounder and his hair was a little shorter, but it was still much longer than that of ordinary boys. This shows how much psychological influence adolescence has on a person’s life. I can’t forget Toko Kitahara and Li Tie can’t forget F4’s long hair.

Because the players of that session were highly valued, playing against the weak team was just like playing for fun. Every time Li Jinyu scored a goal, he would learn from Guo Jing’s bow and arrow shooting. POSE was particularly handsome and very rhythmic. Although he lost to South Korea in the first game, he played against South Korea as a whole, and the momentum was fierce. The Korean media all thought that we were mental derangements, and we despised them even after losing, which was different from China people who always liked self-examination at ordinary times.

Because everyone has high expectations for that generation, sometimes when watching the game in the classroom, male students gather around the TV and score a goal, and the students are just like taking drugs. Some smash their desks, some howl like wolves, and some will grab the collars of the students next to them and shake others while screaming, making them twitch as if they were touched by electricity.

There were no entertainment activities in those days, and life and entertainment depended on the ambiguous eyes of female students and sports competitions.

In the 2000s, because a Yao Ming suddenly appeared in basketball, I only watched the NBA. After Yao Ming retired, I didn’t even watch sports events, so I concentrated on earning money to support my family.

Earning money to support the family is actually much more technical and practical than sports competitions. I don’t even want to come out here.

Occasionally, I saw the news of football in China, which basically showed a bloody collapse trend. The more I kicked, the more I collapsed. At the beginning, there were still several people studying abroad in Europe. Later, there were fewer and fewer people studying abroad. Now there is only one Lei Wu left. Now the national team seems to be reduced to the top eight in Asia, and it is often beaten on the face by Syria and Thailand. In the end, the China men’s football team has simply become a domestic emotional trash can and has become the object of collective banter. Since 2002,

Strangely, however, the Super League was extremely hot in previous years, and it was once known as the "sixth largest league in the world". Guangzhou Evergrande even won the AFC Champions League twice. In 2019, the average salary of Super League players reached about 6.5 million RMB. The average annual salary of the most expensive players in Guangzhou Evergrande and Shanghai Shanghai Shanghai was about 12 million RMB, and the worst player in Beijing and Shanghai also reached 2 million RMB.

This phenomenon that the league is hot and the national team is weak happens at the same time, which makes China football look very strange.

So what is the reason that led to this phenomenon?

Out of curiosity about the origin of all things, I chose to visit many domestic footballers who have been running around the world for 20 or 30 years and ask them why China’s football has been playing more and more in the past 20 years. Interestingly, everyone’s answers are surprisingly consistent, and there is a relaxed attitude of "You guys have seen through the world of mortals for a long time, so what should you do?".

After synthesizing everyone’s opinions, I gradually figured out the root logic of China’s failure in football.

Before writing this reason, I would like to remind you that, unlike our industrial party, which always feels confident that there is a sea of stars in front of us, most people in the sports and entertainment circles are still a little sad. At least three people in the football circle have used the phrase "China football is the epitome of China society" with me.

But as far as I know, this sentence is wrong.

China football and China entertainment circle are not all the epitome of China. Accurately speaking, they are only the epitome of China’s negative energy. China football circle and entertainment circle are relatively deformed, and they are also deeply related to finance, real estate and other industries. Because the starting industry of money itself is not normal in China, it is not normal to reflect on them. If you want to compare China industrial circle with China entertainment circle, it will be another world.

Back to the main question, why did China’s football (mainly referring to the men’s national team) play so badly?

It’s just that the players who play football are not good.

Then why are the players not good at football?

To put it simply, the fastest growth time of football players’ personal level is in the period of teenagers, but the level of football teenagers in China is not good.

We all know that no matter what line of work, the best person must be a combination of "high talent and diligence", and both of them are indispensable. Moreover, whether it is sports or literature and art, high talent can be seen in adolescence, whether it is Go, piano, writing, running, singing, dancing, basketball, or even physics and mathematics, it is clear at a glance when you are a teenager.

There is a saying in the world of Go, "If you are not a national player at the age of 20, you will be hopeless all your life", which is the truth.

Yao Ming in his teens, James in his teens, and Lang Lang in his teens all showed super-high talent in their teens, and became an industry elite in their adulthood. No one did not show his talent and did not undergo cruel training after the age of 20, and then he suddenly became extremely awesome in a certain field.

Even Tik Tok online celebrity, who was hit by the Universiade, became popular because of one sentence and one thing, and often passed away quickly, because there was no talent to continue exporting.

Including myself, I have 20 years of writing experience to write articles, and I don’t suddenly write things. I started writing novels when I was in junior high school. Every morning, the whole class is waiting for my novel to be updated, and I will circulate it to each other every morning, and the cover of my notebook will end up like oil residue.

If the highest score of football players is 100 points, let’s assume that Pele, Diego Maradona, Cristiano Ronaldo and Messi have a total score of 95 points (fans don’t come to wrangle, thank you), then they should reach the level of about 80 points before they reach adulthood. The league will improve their level, but the space is not as big as expected. The league mainly plays a role in maintaining a high level.

The Super League is very prosperous, but it doesn’t improve the level of China men’s soccer team that much, because they were locked at the level of 50-60 points in adolescence, and the league will make them rise to 65-70 points, but the upper limit is too low.

The Super League is helpful, and we can also pull a group of people out of the league to bully the fishing club, but the Super League is not the core reason that determines the level of the national team.

When you look at the time when international football stars became famous and began to make achievements, they usually started around the age of 18. For example, Messi became famous at the 2005 World Youth Championship, when he was just 18 years old. The next year, Diego Maradona called him his successor. Cristiano Ronaldo also became famous at the age of 18. In 2003, he moved from Sporting Lisbon to Manchester United for 12.24 million pounds, because at this time their total score was very high and they began to dump our players in the same period.

Of course, we have some high-level and good prospects. Don’t believe any strange theories of race and culture. I said that it is hooliganism to talk about problems with culture. We can have talents from all walks of life. How can 1.4 billion people not have a football genius?

In fact, India also has all kinds of talents, but it is buried and there is no platform to play.

However, when our players are teenagers, they encounter two big problems, which make their level stuck in the low level range. One is the lack of excellent youth football teachers, and the other is the lack of a lot of opportunities for practice.

As mentioned earlier, a master must be a combination of "high talent+diligence". High talent needs guidance, or it will be ruined. For example, Yao Ming is a basketball family. This is no problem. Lang Lang studied with Professor Zhao Pingguo at the age of 9 and has always been supported by experts. If he was born in a bad environment, his road to fame would be a hundred times more difficult.

Many children in Beijing can get the top resources in the country after they are born. Being famous in Beijing means being famous all over the country. Therefore, a large number of writers and singers are likely to emerge in Beijing, while a child from Sichuan, Hunan and Shanxi is ten million times more difficult and has to work ten million times harder to reach the same height. Because he has no resources and platform, he can only bite his teeth and die.

Do you say that children in Beijing are born with better talents than those in Shanxi? I don’t believe it.

There has never been any real fairness in this world. We were born to overcome all kinds of unfairness.

By the same token, compared with foreign countries, our football players were led astray in their youth, because we were short of excellent youth football coaches.

Ali Shaw, a Dutch coach who worked in our national team, once said an argument:

"The success rate of youth football training is high, and 70% depends on the level of young football coaches."

The highest level a player can reach as a teenager is not far from his final destination.

Our coaching level from children to teenagers is very low.

Maurines, a Spanish coach, came to Shanghai Shenhua Youth Training Department to work. In an interview with diariosur, a Spanish media, he said that our youth training coach can only play strength and run, and he is very weak in training technical and tactical abilities.

About 20-30 years behind Europe.

Some of our coaches with C-level coaches or D-level coaches’ certificates can’t do a good job of passing the low flat ball with their arches. They can only teach their children to run and shoot, and Spanish children of the same age can already open the space to send a straight ball.

Our youth football coaches are not only of low quality, but also lack of talents.

Like Spain, with a total population of less than 47 million, there are as many as 15,000 coaches with UEFA A-level certificates, 84,300 in Japan, a leading Asian country, and 600 in Iceland, a country with a population of only 360,000, 400 of whom have UEFA B-level certificates.

In China, a country with a population of 1.4 billion, in 2018, there were only over 40,000 coaches registered with the Football Association, only half of that in Japan. There were 11,855 C-level coaches, 2,298 B-level coaches, 985 A-level coaches and 158 professional coaches who could teach children a little.

The number of A-level coaches in our population of 1.4 billion is only 6.6% of Spain’s population of 47 million. There is only one A-level coach for every 1.54 million people in Spain, and one A-level coach for every 3,133 people in Spain.

There are only six A-level coaches in a big city with a population of 10 million, while there is one A-level coach in a community in Spain.

How can you beat Spain?

If you want to beat them, the Spanish coaches should not be collectively angry.

Moreover, the salary of most grass-roots football coaches in China is 5000-8000 yuan per month, which makes people have no motivation to stay for a long time in first-and second-tier cities.

What makes China football change fundamentally is not how hot the league is held, but the emergence of a large number of excellent coaches covering the grass roots, so that these coaches can earn income to support their families and have room for promotion. Then, under the guidance of these coaches, talented children can become world superstars.

Only with Bole can a swift horse be selected and trained. Without Bole, China football would be completely blind.

Then why is China so good at table tennis, badminton, diving and weightlifting, but China football can’t copy their methods?

Because football is the most competitive sport in the world.On the whole earth, the competition of table tennis, badminton, diving and weightlifting is far less than that of football. The competition of football starts with dolls and is basically stereotyped by teenagers. It is necessary not only to be talented and let people pick it out, but also to practice with a large number of people.

Pay attention to this word, it must be "a large wave of people often play", not a small number of people who train hard like table tennis and badminton.

This involves the second problem of diligence in "high talent+diligence". This diligence is not an individual’s diligence, but a group’s diligence based on a large number of grass-roots clubs.

A large number of excellent grass-roots coaches ensure the selection and training of highly gifted children, and a large number of grass-roots clubs ensure the growth of children.

Let’s take Ronaldo as an example.

Cristiano Ronaldo’s father is equipment manager of Andorinha, an amateur football club (that is, a handyman), so Cristiano Ronaldo trained in this club at the age of 7. Because of his good foundation, he was signed by the best local national club at the age of 10. When he signed it, he only spent 22 footballs and two sets of jerseys. After three years of careful training, Cristiano Ronaldo won half of the team’s goals here and was later attracted by Sporting Lisbon. At the age of 13, Cristiano Ronaldo moved to Sporting Lisbon for 1,500 pounds and played at the age of 18.

Messi’s experience is similar. At the age of 5, he started playing football in amateur grass-roots clubs. His father was the coach and taught him personally. From then on, he was promoted to the old boys Club in Newell. At the age of 11, he needed treatment because of dwarfism. Newell dared not spend the money. At the age of 13, Messi was taken to the youth training camp in La Masia, Barcelona, Spain by coach KUKA, and he also got treatment opportunities. Since then, he has become famous in Barcelona.

In fact, Japan is learning from the model of "a large number of excellent coaches+grassroots amateur clubs" in Europe and South America, which makes Japanese football play stronger and stronger in Asia.

Reporter Miao Yuan once interviewed Japanese youth training coach Chiba Taishin, who used to be a professional player and worked as a youth training coach for 20 years after retiring. According to his reaction, many football teachers in Japan are volunteers, playing with their children when they were young. In junior high school, children can train three times a week and play once. In middle school, Japanese football will form a three-legged team, a social team and a professional echelon, with a large number of campus and social players. The level of the top 32 social teams in China is close to professional.

In the 12-15-year-old echelon of professional teams, only 1% of the outstanding talents are selected from these teams. Because there are a large number of grassroots units, excellent seedlings come up.

Chiba Taishen also said a very important point: children should master basic football skills at the age of 10-12, and improve their understanding of football after the age of 12, and combine skills with football understanding.

I doubt very much how our scarce football coaches, and most ordinary coaches, can make our children in China master basic football skills at the age of 10-12.

With grass-roots clubs and enough students, we have to let them fight at this time.

An interesting point is that the vast majority of football powers in the world are actually not vast countries, and the football level of countries with large areas is actually not outstanding, like that of China, the United States and India.

Why is it easy for a small country to practice strong football? It is because regional confrontation can often be organized without making the young players so tired.

Even in countries like England and Italy, which we don’t think are so big, teenagers and Italian C try their best to compete in different districts. When amateur clubs compete, the driving distance is guaranteed to be within one or two hours, so as to try to go and return on the same day without wasting everyone’s time and energy on the bus.

An hour or two’s drive is too extravagant for China. In the past, it would have been enough for Shaoyang to drive to Loudi to compete. Even if there is a high-speed train now, we have to change trains when we get off high-speed railway station. Our Shaoyang team wants to pick Changsha, and it will take four or five hours to change trains, so the little players will be exhausted.

Therefore, it is best to divide a province into several small areas, so that young people in small areas can confront each other more, and let them experience the beatings in the world and the pressure and happiness of growing up from an early age.

Then some people may object to this view and say Brazil? People are as big as Brazil, and a state is quite a country in Europe. How can people do so well?

Brother, Brazilians are actually suffering. It took them nearly 50 years to complete the national league, and it was only in the 21st century that they made their living mainly in coastal states, relying on state leagues. Small-scale regional confrontation is the basis for their talents to flourish.

We look at how the world’s football powers have risen, and soon know where the main vein of football development lies.

After the World War II in Germany, Herbega, the coach director of the Football Association, planned to "train 100 excellent coaches first, teach 100 people for every one, and train 10,000 coaches."

Ten years later, the Federal Republic of Germany won the World Cup in Switzerland in 1954.

Up to now, Germany has turned the German Football Association into the largest single sports association in the world, with 24,481 clubs, 145,000 teams and 7.17 million registered players.

But among the 7.17 million registered players, only 1,500 people finally make a living in this line. These 1,500 people are really one in a million.

So how can China beat the Germans?

If you want to beat them, German coaches should not be collectively angry.

By the way, the salary of German youth coaches is five to ten times that of ordinary people. Think about the salary of China youth coaches of 5,000 to 8,000 yuan, which is really invisible. That’s why youth coaches try to ask for bribes from players.

Let’s take a country with small boobs as an example to see how Icelandic football has become strong. The case of this country is more representative.

Iceland has a population of 330,000, so it’s normal that people can’t beat others. All of them have to go to work, and the weather is cold. There are few football fields in China, so it’s difficult to get a team out. Everyone understands, but the Icelandic Football Association has made great efforts to strengthen itself. In 2000, it began to build nine large indoor football stadiums all over the country, and every school and village also built football fields. By 2015, a total of 179 standard football fields and 128 football fields were built.

Moreover, since 2000, Iceland has trained 600 professional football coaches like crazy, 400 of whom have the UEFA B-level coaching certificate, which is equivalent to one professional coach for every 100 young men of the right age. In addition, due to the small space, they can often be pulled together to engage in confrontation, and the level has risen steadily.

By the European Cup in 2016, the Icelandic team began to make achievements, with two draws and one win in the group stage, killing England in the quarter-finals and successfully reaching the quarter-finals.

Think about what it would be like if China could reach the quarterfinals of the European Cup.

But it took Icelandic people only 16 years.

So you see, as long as we start from the roots in a down-to-earth manner, we can start football.

Therefore, everyone should understand a truth. In the most competitive sports subdivision industry in the world, football must start with dolls, and there must be a large number of amateur bottom clubs+youth leagues+fierce confrontation in small areas+a large number of excellent grassroots coaches, and then an excellent adult top league and an excellent national team can be established.

The result of the national team is the final result, and the national team is not the cause of the matter.

Then why is the foundation so poor? The Super League has been quite lively in the past few years, and even won the AFC Champions League?

This question is relatively simple.

The Super League looked prosperous in the past few years because of its interests.

Many companies go to the Super League, and their purpose is not football at all, because all football clubs in China are losing money. The poor income of Chinese football clubs is simply not enough to plug their teeth, but how can they do business at a loss?

This is the same as opening a five-star hotel. I usually love to explore the business model and find that most five-star hotels in China are unprofitable. Hotels that invest 10 billion yuan can earn up to 100 million yuan a year, and the input-output ratio is too low, and most of them are still losing money. Five-star hotels in Shaoyang are extremely well built and the cost is so high, and there are few guests at all. I don’t know how they maintain it. It is a bad business here.

It was not until later that I learned that a five-star hotel is actually a part of the infrastructure. If you build a five-star hotel, the local government will try to make it up for you in the land or other places, so that you can earn money from other places.

Chinese football clubs also mean the same thing. Bosses vote for football mainly to earn money from local governments, finance and other places, but they are not interested in football.

So you asked him to spend ten years building a youth training system. How could he have this idea? I don’t even know where it is five years later. I’m crazy. Why did I invest so much money to build a youth training system?

If the boss insists that I build an echelon, then I’ll just build an inspection to cope with it. Anyway, we can’t do a ten-year talent training plan that consumes money and energy.

Therefore, in the first year when Lippi coached the national football team, he reflected that China professional clubs didn’t even have a complete echelon construction. How many years have it been?

A senior person in the sports field told me that when Jiangsu Suning scored well, Jiangsu Sports School directly gave the echelon to Suning, and then Suning directly dissolved it.

You can pay attention to one thing. Chinese football clubs especially like to smash foreign aid with deep pockets, but they don’t train local young players. First, because it is easy to make achievements, they can quickly smash an AFC Champions League with money and get recognition from the top. Second, buying directly in the peripheral market, large transactions can generate huge amounts of money flow, and everyone in this link, from the general manager, translators, brokers and coaches, is eager to get kickbacks.

Since in China, the club can’t build a youth training echelon for his special motivation, why can’t we learn from South America, Europe and Japan, and build a large number of amateur clubs at the bottom? Let China players raise their level to 75-80 points when they are young, and then keep a high level in the league. How many stars with 85-90 points are there?

This problem is much more complicated, and it involves more economic chains.

If we compare Japan and Germany, we lack a large number of well-trained excellent coaches, and we can’t keep these people struggling in their posts for decades, and a football market has not formed.

If we compare South American countries, we lack a large number of volunteers. Many parents in South America are free volunteers in amateur clubs. They have fun by themselves, and they also take their children to play together. They can often play all night on the court.

These two points are difficult to achieve in China.

Training a large number of excellent football coaches requires a long-term 10-year plan, which requires administrative power. After the training, these people have to be prevented from changing careers easily, and there is a shortage of volunteers. In fact, parents in China are very busy, and they are not on the same level as Europeans, Japanese and South Americans.

China is now the fastest-growing economy in the world. Everyone needs to keep up with the big forces economically and make a determined effort to earn money. Because if the class leap cannot be achieved now, it will be several times more difficult for the later generations to achieve it. Everyone is working hard to earn money. Where can they spare time to volunteer at the football field?

Therefore, we can make a comparison. Either developed countries have perfect wages and benefits, or South American countries, whose economies are flat and often harvested by the United States, have perfect amateur clubs at the bottom, and such clubs are not for profit. China is now in a special historical stage. Many people have just become urban citizens from rural areas, and a large number of high-quality young people are still seizing emerging jobs such as the Internet and finance. They are all buying the first car and the first suite in their lives and have no time to participate in football grassroots projects in person.

Everyone has the opportunity to change their destiny, and it is not football’s turn to grab time for the time being.

I think that if China’s economy stagnates one day or becomes a developed country, football will be much better than it is now.

You may be tempted to ask, then why did China’s football and basketball, which were good in the past, fall into this state now?

Because it used to be a national system, this system has been scolded for decades in my impression, and it has produced many drawbacks, saying that it is a waste of people and money, which is the wrong way of socialism in the past, but in fact, the national system also has its excellent side. In the past, good players were actually selected from sports schools at different levels and then practiced hard behind closed doors. In 2002, that wave of players was actually the last performance of players trained by the national system.

After that wave, the level of players became worse and worse, because the old system was overturned, but the new system was not established, and the bottom-up basic population such as South America and Europe was not established, so they played worse and worse in the past 20 years.

It is not anyone’s fault that a new system has not been established, but it is decided by the stage of China’s times.

We have seen that some small countries, such as Qatar and Viet Nam, can often abuse the men’s soccer team in China. In fact, they have just set up a team with a little meager funds, and the government has stepped forward to set up a youth training center, which has achieved results in a long time.

The children in China, without government organization, received expensive and wrong guidance in their teens, but after the technology was formed, they couldn’t play with the small professional guidance.

It’s a bit like people are using the national system that we don’t use to attack the unhealthy market system that we haven’t formed.

Of course, because this country also lacks the bottom operating system in South America, it can only bully China at most, and it is very difficult to go any further.

"Usually our poor youth football population is just making up the numbers." A big shot in the circle sighed and said this to me.

In fact, in all areas of deep competition, the sports circles in China have encountered the same problems as football.

For example, in basketball and volleyball in China, the results are getting worse and worse. Only the middle of the women’s volleyball team was saved by Lang Ping. That’s because the competition of women’s volleyball in the world was not so fierce. Lang Ping saved a group of teenage girls in time and caught up with them through a lot of hard training.

If nothing unexpected happens, the three major events in China, regardless of men’s and women’s events, are all due to the fact that the new system was not established when the old system was transferred to the new system, which is an inevitable historical trend.

The former China Women’s Football Team, the 2002 China Men’s Football Team, and the former Yao Ming, Wang Zhizhi and Li Na were actually trained from the old system. They were the beneficiaries of the old system. Now the new system has not been built, and China’s special historical stage has made the three goals worse and worse.

Those leagues that look like red fire can’t hide the failure of our construction at the bottom of this fierce global competition.

Finally, give some advice to China football:

1. Learn from Germany and Iceland, establish a football coach training system, and strive to have thousands of professional coaches in each key city.

2. Through market-oriented operation, these coaches are guaranteed to survive and stay, and there is still room for salary increase. (This is the hardest)

3. Without thinking about doing a good job in football all over the country, we should set aside one or two key provinces, decentralize coaches in these provinces, divide these provinces into different small regions, and launch fierce youth leagues in each small region. If possible, it is best to set up three teams, such as youth training centers, youth training points of football associations and cooperative schools of clubs, like Germany, to select outstanding talents from them.

4. Choose a leader with a long term for about ten years, and be patient to do it.

If it really doesn’t work, it’s ok to engage in the previous youth training system.

Of course, in fact, football is a sport and entertainment, and it is not so important in essence. As I said before, "earning money to support the family is actually much more technical and more practical than sports competitions." Now our country focuses on aerospace, the belt and road initiative and the prosperity of the whole people. Compared with football, football is really insignificant. No matter how well you play it, there is no chance to raise your head and speak in the face of the powerful economic and technological gap.

If football scores can be exchanged for the improvement of the living standards of the whole people, I believe that people in Brazil’s slums must raise their hands in favor.

We have a wider sea of stars and dust, and we can take it slowly in the back.

According to the present situation, football in China may still linger for a while, but it doesn’t matter. The best chance to plant a tree was ten years ago, and the second best chance is now.

The sun will live a billion years less? It’s not just you and me.

  Can you imagine a world without the sun? Astronomers’ research shows that if there is no sun, the average surface temperature of the earth will drop to below-17.78 degrees Celsius in a week, and it will drop to-73.33 degrees Celsius in a year. Most plants will die in a few weeks, and then most life will disappear because of the disappearance of the sun, and everything will be dead.

  Now we know how important the sun is to us! However, something unfortunate happened. Recently, foreign scientists’ research on the metal abundance of the sun shows that we may overestimate the life of the sun by one billion years, and the sun may die one billion years earlier than we expected.

  Elemental abundance controls the sun’s life gate

  It is understood that scientists have previously deduced that the life of the sun is about 10 billion years based on the standard solar model that ignores the rotation effect, which is a theoretical value simulated by the stellar evolution program, not a real value. And this value only refers to the central hydrogen combustion life in the theory of star evolution.

  "This is not to say that the sun really can only exist for 10 billion years. The accurate statement should be called the main sequence life of the solar model. In theory, the sun will become a red giant in about 10 billion years, but it still exists and will emit more sunlight. " Associate Professor Yang Wuming from the Astronomy Department of Beijing Normal University told the Science and Technology Daily reporter.

  He said that there are many preconditions to get the theoretical value of 10 billion years, and it is necessary to assume the initial element abundance of the sun and the physical process inside the sun. The life of the solar model is different with different initial element abundances. Because it is impossible to really get the initial element abundance of the sun and determine its internal physical processes, the life of the sun and even other stars cannot be accurately estimated.

  Twenty years ago, astronomers’ direct and indirect measurements of the sun showed that the metal abundance of the sun was around 1.8%; However, the latest solar spectrum measurement shows that the metal abundance of the sun is only 1.3%, which is far lower than the previous measurement results, and correspondingly, the life of the sun will be reduced by 1 billion years.

  The so-called solar metal abundance is the general term for the abundance of solar elements except hydrogen and helium. This metal is different from what we usually call metals. Because the contents of hydrogen and helium in the sun account for the vast majority, astronomers call all the heavier elements in the sun "metals". Although the content of these metals is small, it affects the fate of the sun.

  Because the electrons of metal elements easily absorb photons, which hinders radiation, the higher the metal abundance of the sun or star, the higher the opacity. The opacity of the sun or star is closely related to its life, temperature, brightness and other properties. Sani Vaniotch, a physicist who studies solar metal abundance at Stockholm University in Sweden, said that a very small amount of metal is enough to completely change the behavior of a star, and metal abundance can basically tell you how the star will die.

  Influence of atmospheric model on solar lifetime estimation

  The solar spectral measurement used in the latest research usually means that astronomers get the spectral lines of all measurable elements such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and iron through solar spectral analysis, and then compare them with the spectral lines given by the solar atmospheric model. When the two are consistent, the abundance of elements such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and iron used in the atmospheric model is considered as the element abundance of the solar photosphere. "However, this method cannot obtain the relative abundance of inert gases such as helium, neon and argon. The abundance of helium on the surface of the sun can only be inferred by helioseismology. " Yang Wuming said.

  After the latest measurement results come out, many people are wondering: Why is there such a big difference between the solar metal abundance measured before and after?

  In this regard, Yang Wuming explained that the old solar metal abundance was derived from the one-dimensional atmospheric model of local thermal balance combined with the observed spectral lines; The new solar metal abundance is derived from the three-dimensional atmospheric model of non-local thermal balance combined with the observed spectral lines. The old one-dimensional atmospheric model is considered to ignore many physical factors. Some scientists think that the new atmospheric model is closer to the real situation, and it is the improvement of the atmospheric model and the update of the transition probability data of atoms and molecules that cause the difference in the abundance of old and new metal elements.

  In the evolution of stars, if other conditions remain unchanged, the decrease of metal abundance will lead to the energy generated by the central nuclear reaction radiating outward more easily. However, the energy tends to radiate outward, which will cause the star to contract more easily and increase the density and temperature of the center of the star. More importantly, the increase of density and temperature will accelerate the hydrogen combustion rate, which will lead to the shortening of the total time of central hydrogen combustion, that is, the main sequence life of the solar model will be shortened. However, if other conditions change, such as the increase of hydrogen abundance or the influence of the sun’s rotation on its evolution, then the aforementioned life reduction does not exist.

  So, how to verify which method is more correct in the future?

  In Yang Wuming’s view, the answer to this question lies in which metal abundance measurement is more accurate and whether the helioseismology inversion result is reliable. Only by giving the correct abundance of solar elements can we determine how long the life of the sun is. If we can give a new solar model of gold abundance consistent with the helioseismology inversion results, all related problems will be solved.

  Life geometry is related to the theory of stellar evolution.

  Chen Pengfei, a professor at the School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, said that he was inclined to think that the initial life span of the sun was correct, and the life span of the sun would not be reduced by one billion years. "For several reasons, I prefer to think that the original model is correct: first, the measurement results of metal abundance in the solar wind by satellites support 1.8%; Secondly, the density of photosphere on the surface of the sun is high enough, so it is reasonable to adopt the approximation of local heat balance model in the past; Thirdly, the new model takes into account the inhomogeneity of the solar atmosphere, which is indeed an improvement, but it also ignores other factors, such as the influence of magnetic field; Fourth, to take a step back, even if the results of the new model are correct, because the distribution of metal abundance may be uneven, the metal abundance on the surface of the sun may be different from that inside. " Chen Pengfei said.

  At the same time, Yang Wuming also agrees that the initial solar life is correct. He said that the life of the sun has not been overestimated by 1 billion years, and that the life of the sun is overestimated because only the reduction of metal abundance is considered. When the influence of hydrogen abundance increase and rotation on the evolution of the sun is considered, the life of the sun will not be reduced.

  However, the astrophysicist Martin asp Lund of the Australian National University insists that the 1.3% solar metal abundance is correct. He said that all aspects of astronomy will be affected, and an accurate understanding of the evolution of stars has laid the foundation for almost everything.

  So, if astronomers do overestimate the life of the sun by one billion years, what theories need to be revised?

  In Yang Wuming’s view, if the life of the sun is really overestimated by 1 billion years, it shows that the theory of stellar evolution established by astronomers before is not complete, so they need to re-examine the theory and model of stellar evolution established before. For example, the standard theory of star evolution ignores the influence of star rotation, but in fact all stars are rotating. We have reached the time when we need to seriously consider the influence of rotation on the evolution of stars. Astronomical research on star clusters and galaxies depends on the theory of stellar evolution to a certain extent. If the theory of stellar evolution is wrong, the previous understanding of star clusters and galaxies needs to be adjusted.