标签归档 广州蒲典网

The list of national key protected wild animals and plants has not changed for 20 years and needs to be updated urgently.

  In January 2018, the only South China Golden Cat in the global zoo died in Hangzhou Zoo. Li Jian photo/bright picture

  The existing list of species protection in China has not been systematically updated in the past 20 years. The list of national key protected wild animals was promulgated in 1989, and the list of national key protected wild plants (the first batch) was promulgated in 1999, and it has only been fine-tuned once so far; The List of National Key Protected Wild Plants (Second Batch) has been in the state of "discussion draft" and has not yet been officially promulgated.

  The past two or three decades have witnessed the fastest economic development and urbanization in China, especially in the eastern and southern parts with high population density. Many natural habitats have been developed and changed, and resource utilization and human activities have intensified, resulting in habitat loss and fragmentation, which has greatly reduced the distribution and number of wild animal populations.

  The Yangtze finless porpoise, once affectionately called "Jiang Pig" by the residents along the Yangtze River because of its naive and extremely common behavior, has rapidly decreased in population in the past 20 years, from 2,700 in 1991, 1,800 in 2006 and 1,050 in 2012 to less than 1,000 now — — This figure makes people who care about the protection of finless porpoises feel worried.

  Following the functionally extinct baiji, the Yangtze finless porpoise has been known as the "giant panda in the water" for more than 10 years, and the recent related research has even divided the Yangtze finless porpoise into an independent species. However, the "giant panda in the water" has not been treated as a giant panda: in the list of key protected wild animals in China, the finless porpoise has not changed since it was designated as a second-class protected animal in 1989. Although experts and conservation organizations keep calling for upgrading, the Ministry of Agriculture and the State Council have issued documents to strengthen the protection of finless porpoises, but the adjustment of the list involves the coordination and unification of various departments in charge of wildlife protection, so it has not been realized.

  The lag of protection level cannot be said to have no influence on the living conditions of Yangtze finless porpoises today.

  The Red List of Endangered Species published by IUCN divides the endangered species into nine grades, which are evaluated and updated by experts all over the world about every five years. It also includes the evaluation results of China species regularly organized by the National Endangered Species Science Committee of China, that is, the Red List of China Species. The rating of Yangtze finless porpoise in IUCN Red List was "endangered" in 2000, and it was upgraded to "extremely endangered" in 2013, only one step away from "extinction in the wild".

  China Nature Watch 2016, an independent analysis report jointly issued by a number of nature conservation agencies and the Research Center for Nature Conservation and Social Development of Peking University, pointed out that the IUCN Red List involves threatened species in China (including critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable), and 405 of them are not included in China’s protection list; However, 197 species in China’s protected list are "non-endangered" species in the IUCN Red List — — This means: on the one hand, a considerable number of endangered species are not protected by Chinese laws; On the other hand, some species that are not endangered may occupy limited conservation resources.

  Specifically, there are the following situations:

  First, it has been endangered for a long time but has never been included in the list. For example, the spoonbill snipe is a migratory bird passing through the eastern and southern coastal beaches of China. At present, the population in the world is estimated to be less than 100 pairs, and the habitat along its migration route, especially the development of coastal wetlands in East Asia, is the main reason for the extreme endangerment of this species. The IUCN Red List assessed it as endangered in 2004, and soon adjusted it to extremely endangered in 2008. However, this species was not included in the list of key protected animals in China, but only appeared in the List of Terrestrial Wild Animals Protected by the State (referred to as the "Three Lists").

  Second, in the past 20 years, it has become endangered from no danger. For example, the well-known "sparrowfinch", the yellow-breasted flounder, still had a huge population and was widely distributed in the 1990s. In 2000, it was assessed as a non-endangered species in the IUCN Red List, and then its population plummeted due to excessive killing and eating and the large occupation of rice fields in its main habitat, and it was assessed as extremely endangered in 2017. At present, the sparrows are not listed in the List of National Key Protected Wild Animals.

  Third, it has been included in the protection list, but the level is lower than the actual endangered situation. In addition to the Yangtze finless porpoise, another example is a species unique to China — — Yellow-lipped fish is evaluated as extremely dangerous in IUCN red list. But like finless porpoises, yellow-lipped fish is only Grade II in the List of National Key Protected Wild Animals. Yellow-lipped fish is one of the rarest species in the family Sciaenidae, with low protection rating, serious lack of public concern and national protection; In addition, some news media reported positively that fishermen caught yellow-lipped fish and sold it at a sky-high price, which aggravated the pressure of overfishing on this species.

  Fourth, the list of the second batch of key protected plants has been delayed, and a number of endangered plants cannot be effectively protected. More than 2,000 species of plants threatened with extinction in the "second discussion draft" have not been protected by law due to disputes over jurisdiction by several competent authorities. Most of these plants have great economic value, so the wild population is over-utilized. For example, there are no restrictions on the mining and trading of wild ginseng in China, and sometimes it is even encouraged by individual news media. The situation is similar to that of wild Dendrobium candidum and Dendrobium huoshanense.

  Fifth, some species endemic to China, but not endangered, are listed in the protection list. For example, Davidia involucrata, clover and Tibetan wild donkey are all national first-class protected species, but the number of wild populations is very large. According to China Nature Watch 2016, the protection of these species is improving.

  China Nature Watch 2016 also assessed the protection status of all species in the current List of National Key Protected Wild Animals/Plants and all China species (1085 in total) on the threatened list in the IUCN Red List from 2000 to 2015. The results show that only 102 species have improved, 738 species have deteriorated, and the remaining 245 species lack information.

  It can be seen that the outdated list leads to the lag of law enforcement, which is one of the reasons for the deterioration of the protection of quite a few threatened species. There are many reasons why the catalogue has not been updated, and the lack of species information, especially the reliable information of population number, actual distribution and change, is only one of them. With the country’s attention to species protection and the promotion of the whole society’s awareness of protection, especially the opportunities for the general public to participate in natural observation of birds and beasts are increasing and deepening, and the information gaps are being filled step by step. Another major obstacle affecting the updating of the directory is the deadlock caused by the difficulty in coordinating multi-sector management. It is expected that the integration of natural resource management departments will help solve the problem of multi-sector management of wildlife protection. In fact, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) Wildlife Protection Law (Revised Draft), which came into effect on January 1, 2017, has written into the law that the list of protected animals should be updated every five years. Therefore, it is imperative to update the list as soon as possible.

  For the adjustment of the list, we suggest to establish an evaluation standard based on experts and scientific data on the basis of referring to the research reports such as IUCN Red List of Endangered Species, China Red List of Species and China Nature Watch 2016, and comprehensively sort out and rate the species in China, so as to adjust the protection level. For example, the IUCN Red List can include endangered and extremely endangered species, and the species with a score lower than -2 (inclusive) in the reference of China Nature Watch 2016 can be adjusted as national first-class key protected species; Adjust (or reserve) flagship species such as giant panda, snow leopard and Chinese white dolphin, umbrella species and top predator species in the ecosystem as national first-class key protected species; The species in the discussion draft of "List of National Key Protected Wild Plants (Second Batch)" will be officially promulgated to make it legally effective. In principle, non-endangered and low-endangered species will not be removed from the list, but only downgraded. For example, if the species in the current protection list are non-endangered and near-endangered in the IUCN Red List, and the score in China Nature Watch 2016 is higher than -1 (inclusive), it will be adjusted to the national second-class key protected species; Extinct species are indicated separately; Remove the taxonomically proved species (such as heterophylla japonica) from the list.

  We earnestly hope that the "Updated List of National Key Protected Species" will be put on the legislative agenda as soon as possible and promulgated as soon as possible, so that all the truly endangered species can be protected by law.

   (Author: Lv Zhi Gu Lei, professor of Nature Conservation and Social Development Research Center of Peking University, lecturer of Capital Normal University and head of nature observation project of Shanshui Nature Conservation Center)

The most splendid Fireworks this year and Shunji Iwai’s aesthetic of mourning for things.

Poster of the Chinese version of the movie Fireworks

 

Special feature of 1905 film network Summer, swimming pool, bathrobe, fireworks, secret admirer … … All the beautiful things in the world seem to have stayed on that day.

 

On December 1st, an animated film adapted from Shunji Iwai’s work of the same name was opened in the mainland, and it only took 27.9619 million box office in one day. Although it still lags behind the one produced by Dongbao, it is still the best among Japanese animated films released this year compared with "Sword of God".

 

Story | Start with fireworks and end with fireworks.

 

This story begins with a question of teenagers: When viewed from the side, are fireworks round or flat? The two sides with different views argued, and finally they decided to go to the lighthouse at the fireworks meeting that night to find out.

 

Girls with different growth rates always have different worries from boys. Disgusted by her mother’s remarriage and about to transfer to another school, Cai Jinnai lay by the pool with her eyes closed.

 

Come to the swimming pool to be the official on duty. You Jie decided to compete in swimming and asked her to be the referee. Unexpectedly, Dian Dao hurt his foot in the game and lost the game. What he didn’t know was that his unrequited love for Cai Jinnai invited the winner Suksuke to watch the fireworks together in the evening.

 

However, you Jie, who is proud and shy, stood Cai Jinnai up for an agreement with his friends. Disappointed Cai Jinnai admitted that she had made up her mind to invite the winner of the two to watch the fireworks together. It’s just that Cai Jinnai thought Canon would win, and originally wanted to invite Canon. Her elopement plan also fell through in her mother’s obstruction.

 

The Taoist priest who witnessed all this suddenly thought: If he had won at that time, would the outcome be different? So, Canon road back to before the game.

 

This time he won, and Cai Jinnai invited him naturally, and then the boy and the girl embarked on an "elopement" trip with the ultimate goal of watching fireworks.

 

Theme | Why "Fireworks"?

 

Japanese writer Kotaro Isaka wrote in the book: "The primitive carefree feeling brought by fireworks washed away the fatigue and meaningless persistence of people in the place, and made everyone return to the most innocent childhood."

 

Stills of the movie "Golden Dream"

 

Fireworks are of special significance to the Japanese, but for young boys and girls, it is definitely the most important event at that age to meet with the people you like to watch fireworks together. At the moment when the fireworks are lit, time is like solidification. You can only see the dazzling fireworks overhead, and you can only think about the person around you at this moment.

 

Animated version of "Fireworks" Cai Jinnai and Diandao watch fireworks together.

 

Jinnai, a Chinese dish in the animated version, achieved something that was never done in the live-action version: watching fireworks with Canon Road. Then she said, "It doesn’t matter whether the fireworks are round or flat, as long as they are with Dian Daojun." Although the two versions have their own treatment on whether they watched the fireworks together, doesn’t this sentence in the animated version echo the "wherever you like" said by Cai Jinnai, who chose not to watch the fireworks in the live-action version?

 

The live-action version of "Fireworks" dish Jinnai doesn’t care about watching fireworks, just wants to be with Canon Road.

 

As Cai Jinnai said, whether the fireworks are round or flat is no longer important, nor is it important to watch the fireworks, because the fireworks themselves are just a cover. Through this cover, the teenagers frankly shouted out the names of the people they secretly loved, and the ignorant teenagers and precocious girls finally reached a spiritual interweaving and resonance.

 

You Jie, who has a crush on you, feels depressed after seeing Diandao "escape" with the girl, and expresses his feelings to the sky. The infected boys shout out the names of the people they like.

 

Creation | Shunji Iwai and the Tragic Aesthetics in Fireworks

 

The animated version of Fireworks is directed by animation director Akiyuki Shinbo (Story Series, Lion in March) and directed by Hitoshi Ohne (), and is based on Shunji Iwai’s original work.

 

The film can be said to be the ultimate work of Shunji Iwai’s tragic aesthetic view.

 

If you were to talk about the style of Shunji Iwai’s works, how would you describe it? Beautiful, pure, cruel and sad … … Then, summarizing these with Japanese traditional aesthetics is probably "the beauty of mourning." Shunji Iwai’s aesthetic feeling of mourning for things first appeared in the TV short film Fireworks, and it was continued in the animated version.

 

The film has always been Shunji Iwai’s gentle and delicate.

See food jin nai was taken away, Canon heart very regret.

 

A slow motion used to depict the inner emotional changes of boys,

The silhouette of teenagers reflects Cai Jinnai’s concern for canon.

 

The profile shows that the girl secretly observes the reflection and silhouette of the boy in the water.

 

The train bound for the seaside gives a sense of unreality.

 

Explain the scene change, render the empty shot of the atmosphere,

 

Canon peeks at food, Jinnai.

 

The close-up of the subtle expressions of the protagonists, these shooting techniques together constitute the inner world of the protagonists, which also depicts the youthful and ignorant love between boys and girls.

 

Canon changed the past four times, creating parallel time and space.

 

In the story, Akiyuki Shinbo expanded the two endings in Shunji Iwai’s original work, which were divided into "winning or losing the swimming competition", and the regretful hero changed the past four times. The director painted the textured pictures and the strange shapes of fireworks with pencils, so that the audience and the hero and heroine in the story can know that their world is not the real world, but the parallel time and space created by boys.

 

Parallel worlds, like fireworks, will eventually turn into nothingness after a short period of beauty. In reality, Canon Road and Caijinnai have never had such an intersection, and will soon separate the two places, but their hearts will be filled with such a common memory.

 

Fireworks will fade away, youth will grow old, and when everything is gone, only the memory of you by my side will last forever.

Central Meteorological Observatory: In the next ten days, cold air will affect the central, eastern and southern parts of South China, and there will be strong rainfall.

  CCTV News:The Central Meteorological Observatory issued a medium-term weather forecast at 10: 00 on October 17th.

  1. In the past ten days, the precipitation in most parts of the country was low, and the temperature in Huanghuai and other places in North China was high.

  In the past 10 days (October 7-16), the accumulated precipitation in Yunnan, the coastal areas of Guangdong, the eastern part of Hainan Island and the southeastern part of Tibet was 30-60 mm, and 70-120 mm in some places, which was more than the same period of normal years, while the precipitation in most other parts of China was less.

  In the past 10 days, the average temperature in northwest, north China, northeast China, Huanghuai and western Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was 1 ~ 3℃ higher than normal. The temperature in eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, southern China, eastern Yunnan, Guizhou and other places is 1 ~ 2℃ lower, and the temperature in other parts of China is close to normal.

  Second, the next ten daysCold air affects the central and eastern regions South ChinaThere is heavy rainfall.

  In the next 10 days (October 17-26), the cumulative precipitation in northwestern Jiangnan, southern China, northwestern Xinjiang and Chongqing will be 30-60 mm, including 70-120 mm in parts of southern Guangxi and eastern Hainan Island, and 150-250 mm in parts of southern Guangxi. The accumulated precipitation in the above areas is 30% to 1 times higher than normal, and the local precipitation is 2 ~ 3 times. The precipitation in most other parts of China is less or close to normal.

  In the next 10 days, the average temperature in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Yunnan and South China will be 1 ~ 2℃ lower than normal, while the temperature in Xinjiang, North China and Huanghuai will be 1 ~ 2℃ higher, and the temperature in other parts of China will basically be close to normal.

  Main weather processes:

  From 17th to 20th, affected by tropical disturbance, there were moderate to heavy rains in most parts of Hainan Island, central and western Guangdong, southeastern Guangxi and other places, and there were local heavy rains to heavy rains. There will be 6-7 grades in the Taiwan Province Strait, the northern and central and western South China Sea, Beibu Gulf and Qiongzhou Strait, and gusts of 8-9 grades will be northerly or northeast.

  From 17 to 20, affected by strong cold air, there was a large-scale rainfall and cooling weather process in the central and eastern regions. Among them, some areas in the eastern part of northwest China, western North China, western Huanghuai and eastern Southwest China had moderate rain and local heavy rain; There are 4~6 northerly winds in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and its north, with the temperature dropping by 4~6℃ and the local temperature dropping by 8~10℃..

  Third, the long-term weather outlook

  In the next 11-14 days (October 27-30), the cumulative precipitation in Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, eastern Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan Island and other places will be 15-30 mm, and the local area will exceed 50 mm; The cumulative precipitation in the north and east of Northeast China is 3 ~ 10mm; There is no obvious precipitation in most other parts of China.

  In the next 11-14 days, the average temperature in Northeast China, North China, Huanghuai, Jianghuai and other places will be 1 ~ 3℃ higher than normal, while the temperature in northern Xinjiang, Qinghai and western Gansu will be 1 ~ 2℃ lower, and the temperature in other areas will be basically close to normal.

  Fourth, high-impact weather and concern

  1.coldAir influenceMiddle east

  From 17 to 20, affected by strong cold air, a large-scale precipitation and cooling process will occur in the central and eastern regions; There are 4~6 northerly winds in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and its north, and the temperature drops by 4~8℃, and the local temperature drops by more than 10℃ in the north.

  There will be heavy rainfall in South China.

  From 17 to 20, there were moderate to heavy rains in most parts of Hainan Island, central and western Guangdong, and southeastern Guangxi, and there were heavy rains to heavy rains in the local area.

Four melons a day, each one is more exciting, and the stars in the entertainment circle will play.

The incident of Zhao Wenqi’s unmarried children revealed another kind of family concept conflict. Zhao Wenqi released photos of unmarried children, but there was no husband. Netizens have speculated whether there is a hidden problem of marriage self-discipline behind this behavior. During the development of the whole incident, the social discussion on women’s self-discipline gradually warmed up, and Zhao Wenqi became the focus of the topic.

Finally, we focus on the libel of Zhao Liying. Rumors that suddenly broke out on the Internet accused Zhao Liying of tax evasion, which seriously endangered her reputation. Fans found that these rumors originated from other celebrity cases, and officials quickly dismissed them. While the rumor maker apologized to Zhao Liying, the incident revealed the harm of online rumors and called on the public to rationally identify information.

On the whole, the entertainment circle of this day is surging, and the stars are facing severe tests in family, marriage and moral choice. These events reflect the ups and downs of the entertainment circle, and the stars are always facing public scrutiny and comments under the dual pressure of public opinion and social media. This also makes us ponder, under the aura of stars, whether they are also facing trivial and real life problems like ordinary people, as well as many disturbances of family and marriage.

Firmino, a free agent, has become a hot commodity in the transfer market and has received six invitation contracts.

Brazilian striker firmino announced earlier that he will leave Liverpool after his contract expires this summer. According to the news reported by Jorge Nicola, a famous Brazilian journalist, firmino has received offers from six European teams. The 31-year-old Brazilian striker has a good chance to stay in Europe.

After firmino publicly announced that he would leave the team this summer, it was widely rumored that firmino would return to play for Bajia team Corinti An, but Jorge Nicola later broke the news: "Now six European heavyweight teams have offered invitations to firmino, and it can be expected that he will stay in one of the important leagues in Europe and play for an important team next season."

Although Jorge Nicola didn’t disclose the specific names of these six "heavyweight" teams, CBS website indicated that Atletico Madrid, Inter Milan and galata Sharay were three of them who wanted to sign firmino, while Atletico Atletico and Saudi powerhouse Ainas had both been rumored to be interested in firmino.

The national football team plays today! Hit the Asian Cup semi-finals, the two favourites to win the championship are out, which is a lesson for Japan and South Korea.

The quarter-finals of the U20 Asian Cup are in full swing! China men’s soccer team is about to face the powerful Korean team in the quarter-finals! In the two Asian Cup knockout matches completed before this, the two favourites to win the championship were all out!

Host Uzbekistan vs Australia! Uzbekistan successfully drew Australia and dragged the game into a cruel penalty shootout. In the final penalty shootout, Uzbekistan advanced to the top four of the U20 Asian Cup with a total score of 6-5. Another game, the same is to defeat the strong with the weak! Iraq beat Iran 1-0 to advance to the top four! Two other places will be promoted soon. China and South Korea, Japan and Jordan will compete for the last two semi-finals of the Asian Cup!

China U20 men’s soccer team returned to the quarterfinals of the Asian Cup after 9 years! In the death group, China suffered a severe reversal when it led Japan 1-0 in the opening match, and got a good start 1-2. After that, the national football team broke out in desperation, defeated Saudi Arabia 2-0 in the qualifying battle, and drew Kyrgyzstan 1-1 in the final qualifying key battle to successfully qualify for the second place in the group! In the face of South Korea, the China team has no retreat, and it is expected that the national youth players will show their fighting spirit and fighting spirit and do every detail as they did against Saudi Arabia.

Against the powerful Korean team, the China men’s soccer team is not without opportunities! This year’s China U20 national football team clearly identified its position, adhered to the defensive counterattack and achieved great success, which was also able to miraculously qualify in the death group! Now, if we continue to stick to the defensive counterattack strategy, the miracle is likely to be continued! After three group matches, China U20 national football team’s ability to fight is constantly improving, and the goalkeeper’s brave play and the defense of China men’s football team are reassuring!

The future of China Men’s Football Team is in Xinjiang! Up to 7 players in the current U20 National Youth Team are from Xinjiang! Those who can’t kill us will only make us stronger! Every time the South Korean team fails to attack, it is an accumulation of opportunities for the national youth soldiers! With a good defense, China only needs a defensive counterattack to kill South Korea and advance to the Asian Cup semi-finals!

If miracles have color, it must be red! Looking forward to our national youth fighters, in the life-and-death war with South Korea, there will be no regrets! China’s men’s soccer team won the U20 Asian Cup, dating back to 1985, and the men’s soccer team in South Korea and China looked forward to a miracle.